Event 15: Table Tennis Ambulatory
Event 15-A: Table Tennis Wheelchair
Men and Women Compete Together
The National Veterans Golden Age Games host will provide standard table tennis tables and nets, regulation table tennis rackets (paddles) and balls. Competitors may use their own table tennis rackets if they are determined to be regulation by the officials and they are of the same type as those supplied by the host.
Other Equipment: scorecards, drinking water and first aid kit.
The National Veterans Golden Age Games host shall provide a facility of adequate size to allow the competitors to move freely and safely around the table and with a ceiling of enough height to allow for the ball to be played without interference. Adequate lighting should be a consideration. A spectator area a distance away from the table tennis tables is desirable. The host will provide a minimum of ten tables for this competition. If possible, one table, separate from the competition, should be set aside for photographs.
Competitors will compete individually in singles table tennis. The competition will be set up in a single elimination tournament format. Whenever possible, competitors from the same medical center will not be matched against each other in first round matches. All matches will be played as a best three out of five games. Third place game will match the two losers of the two semi-final games against each other. White shirts or jackets are not permitted for competition.
The surface of the table shall be rectangular, 9 feet in length and 5 feet in width; it shall be 2 feet 6 inches above the floor, and shall lie in a horizontal plane. It shall be made of any material and shall yield a uniform bounce of not less than 8 inches and not more than 9 inches when a standard ball is dropped from a height of 12 inches above its surface. The upper surface of the table shall be termed the "playing surface;" it shall be non-reflecting, of a dark color and a white line 3/4-inch broad along each edge. The lines at the 5-foot edges or ends of the playing surface shall be termed "end lanes." The lines at the 9-foot edges or sides of the playing surface shall be termed "side lines."
The playing surface shall be divided into two courts of equal size by a net running parallel to the end lines and 4 feet 6 inches from each. The net and its suspension together shall be 6 feet in length; its upper part along its whole length shall be close to the playing surface. The net shall be attached at each end to an upright post 6 inches high; the outside limits of each post shall be 6 inches outside the sideline on the same side.
The ball shall be spherical. It shall be made of celluloid, pale in color and not be less than 4 1/2 inches or more than 4 3/4 inches in circumference; it shall not be less than 37 grains (2.40 grams) and not more than 39 grains (2.53 grams) in weight.
The racket (paddle) may be any material, size, shape or weight. If approved by the National Official, competitors may use their own racket (paddle) or those provided by the host.
A game shall be won by the player first scoring 11 points, unless both players have scored 10 points, when the game shall be won by the first player subsequently gaining a lead of 2 points.
The choice of ends and the right to be server or receiving player in every match shall be decided by coin toss and the winner of the toss may choose to serve or receive first, or to start at a particular end. The winner of the toss may, if he/she prefers, require the other player to make the first choice.
After each 2 points have been scored, the receiving player shall become the serving player, and so on until the end of the game unless both players score 10 points, when the sequences of serving and receiving shall be the same but each player shall serve for only 1 point in turn. The player at one end in a game shall start at the other end in the next game of the match and in the last possible game of a match the players shall change ends when first one player scores 5 points.
If a player serves out of his/her turn, the player who should have served shall serve as soon as the mistake is discovered. If however, a group of five services has been completed before such discovery, the service in the subsequent groups of services shall continue in the same order, as if the sequence had not been discontinuous. In any circumstances, all points scored before the discovery shall be reckoned.
If the players have not changed ends when ends should have been changed, the players shall change ends as soon as the mistake is discovered, unless a game has been completed since the error, then the error shall be ignored. In any circumstances, all points scored before the discovery shall be reckoned.
The server shall first make a good service, the receiving player shall then make a good return and thereafter server and receiving player shall each alternately make a good return.
The service shall be delivered by the server releasing the ball by open palm only, without imparting a spin. The ball must be projected from an opened palm for the service. The ball shall then be struck so that it touches first the server's court and then, passing directly over or round the net, touches the receiving player’s court. At the moment of the impact of the racket on the ball in service, both players shall be behind the end line of the server's court and between an imaginary continuation of the sidelines. (New for 2012) Server cannot serve outside of the end lines of the table.
A ball having been served or returned in play shall be struck by the player so that it passes directly over the net or around the net and touches directly on the opponent's court. If the ball, having been served or returned in play, returns with its own impetus over the net or round the net, it may be struck by the player so that it touches directly on the opponent's court.
The following is a let:
Either player shall lose a point:
The ball is in play from the moment at which it is dropped from an open palm until:
The period during which the ball is in play shall be termed a rest. A rest, the result of which is scored, shall be termed a point.
The player who first strikes the ball during the rest shall be termed the receiver.
If the ball, in passing over the net or around the net touches it or its supports, it shall, nevertheless, be considered to have passed directly, except as referred to in Rule 14b.
If the ball in play comes in contact with the racket or racket hand, not yet having touched the playing surface on one side of the net since last being struck on the other side, it shall be said to have been volleyed. The racket hand is the hand carrying the racket (paddle); the free open hand is the hand not carrying the racket (paddle).
Note: (New for 2012) All wheelchair competitors must stay in full contact with seat of wheelchair. The footrests or the feet touching the floor during play shall not result in the loss of a point providing the competitor’s bottom does not leave the seat of the chair or scooter. The competitor may not use their legs in any way to gain an advantage over their opponent.