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Employment

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Employment

people standing in line for interviewsEmployment is a key element in helping Veterans transition permanently out of homelessness or to avoid it altogether by increasing access to permanent housing and improving housing stability.  Employment provides an improved quality of life, increased self-confidence and independence, opportunities for socialization, and a decreased reliance on institutional care. 
According to the U.S. Interagency Council on Homelessness website (www.ich.gov), unemployment is cited as the third leading cause of homelessness in the United States. 

The U.S. Department of Labor publication: Employment Assistance Guide for Service Providers Helping Homeless Veterans states: "Unemployment and underemployment are two of the most critical issues affecting homeless veterans… Studies show that gainful employment at a livable wage, with opportunities for advancement, is the foundation for maintaining economic stability and reducing the risk of becoming homeless."

For Providers

Ending Veteran Homelessness Employment Toolkit

Ending Veteran Homelessness Employment Toolkit

Tools are available to help you employ Veterans who are exiting homelessness. Get brochures, posters, wallet cards and more in the Ending Veteran Homelessness Employment Toolkit.

VA SOAR Guide

VA SOAR Guide

Employment Assistance Guide for Service Providers

Employment Assistance Guide for Service Providers

This guide was produced in partnership with DOL-VETS to enhance the assistance offered by employment specialists working with homeless clients. The guide provides an overview of special challenges faced by homeless men and women and identifies the community resources in place to help them with housing, health, income supports, job search and placement assistance, substance abuse and family counseling, and other services they may need. It also includes a comprehensive list of employment assistance resources, both government and private organizations.

Linking One-Stop Career Centers and Homeless Assistance & Housing Programs

Linking One-Stop Career Centers and Homeless Assistance & Housing Programs
 
 

For Veterans receiving VA healthcare or enrolled in homeless program services

Homeless Veteran Community Employment Services (HVCES) Fact Sheet

Homeless Veteran Community Employment Services (HVCES) Fact Sheet

Get the latest information about how HVCES is helping end and prevent homelessness among Veterans.

VA Compensated Work Therapy Program

VA Compensated Work Therapy Program

The mission of CWT services is to provide support to Veterans living with mental illness or physical impairment with barriers to employment to secure and maintain community based competitive employment. Veterans are not required to be service connected to be eligible for CWT services. To be considered for participation in the CWT program, a Veteran must be eligible to receive VA healthcare services, have a goal of a return to competitive employment and have barriers to obtaining and/or retaining employment which requires the intensive supports provided by one of the CWT service components.

 

Income maximization

Veterans Employment Preference Points Guide

Veterans Employment Preference Points Guide

HVRP Factsheet: Understanding the VA and DoD Disability Benefit System

HVRP Factsheet: Understanding the VA and DoD Disability Benefit System
 

Cusack, M. & Montgomery, A.E. (March 2021). Assessing Healthcare for Homeless Veterans (HCHV) Employment Specialist Services, Outcomes, and Implementation Strategies.

Correlates of Obtaining Employment among Veterans Receiving Treatment for Severe PTSD in Specialized Intensive Programs. Stevenson BJ, Mueller L, Kelly MM, Rosenheck RA. Psychiatr Q. 2021 Jan 6. doi: 10.1007/s11126-020-09864-w

Factors distinguishing veterans participating in supported education services from veterans on campus: Evidence supporting modifiable intervention targets. Kinney AR, Graham JE, Eakman AM. Psychiatr Rehabil J. 2020 Sep;43(3):261-269. doi: 10.1037/prj0000399

Factors associated with employment and work perception in combat-exposed veterans. Merritt VC, Jurick SM, Crocker LD, Keller AV, Hoffman SN, Jak AJ. Rehabil Psychol. 2020 Aug;65(3):279-290. doi: 10.1037/rep0000323

The compatibility of employment-based contingency management and vocational services at the Department of Veterans Affairs. Cosottile DW, DeFulio A. Psychol Addict Behav. 2020 Feb;34(1):111-116. doi: 10.1037/adb0000479.

Determinants of Community Integration Among Formerly Homeless Veterans Who Received Supportive Housing.Chinchilla M, Gabrielian S, Hellemann G, Glasmeier A, Green M., Front Psychiatry. 2019 Jun 26;10:472. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00472. eCollection 2019.

Predictors of Employment Status in Male and Female Post-9/11 Veterans Evaluated for Traumatic Brain Injury. Amara JH, Stolzmann KL, Iverson KM, Pogoda TK. J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2019 Jan/Feb;34(1):11-20. doi: 10.1097/HTR.0000000000000404.

Predictors of employment outcomes in a comprehensive service program for individuals experiencing chronic homelessness. Brown M, Mihelicova M, Collins K, Ponce A., Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2019;89(2):279-286. doi: 10.1037/ort0000358. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Supported Employment for Veterans With Traumatic Brain Injury: Patient Perspectives. Carlson KF, Pogoda TK, Gilbert TA, Resnick SG, Twamley EW, O'Neil ME, Sayer NA., Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2018 Feb;99(2S):S4-S13.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2017.06.027. Epub 2017 Aug 4.

Predictors of Mortality in Older Homeless Veterans.Schinka JA, Curtiss G, Leventhal K, Bossarte RM, Lapcevic W, Casey R., J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2017 Oct 1;72(6):1103-1109. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbw042.

How do homeless adults change their lives after completing an intensive job-skills program? A prospective study. Gray HM, Nelson SE, Shaffer HJ, Stebbins P, Farina AR., J Community Psychol. 2017 Sep;45(7):888-905. doi: 10.1002/jcop.21900. Epub 2017 Aug 10.

A Randomised Controlled Trial of Evidence Based Supported Employment for People Who have Recently been Homeless and have a Mental Illness.Poremski D, Rabouin D, Latimer E., Adm Policy Ment Health. 2017 Mar;44(2):217-224. doi: 10.1007/s10488-015-0713-2.

Civil Legal Services and Medical-Legal Partnerships Needed by the Homeless Population: A National Survey. Tsai J, Jenkins D, Lawton E., Am J Public Health. 2017 Mar;107(3):398-401. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2016.303596. Epub 2017 Jan 19.

Characteristics of the old and homeless: identifying distinct service needs. Kimbler KJ, DeWees MA, Harris AN., Aging Ment Health. 2017 Feb;21(2):190-198. doi: 10.1080/13607863.2015.1088512. Epub 2015 Sep 24

Job Coaching and Success in Gaining and Sustaining Employment Among Homeless People. Hoven H, Ford R, Willmot A, Hagan S, Siegrist J., Res Soc Work Pract. 2016 Oct;26(6):668-674. Epub 2014 Dec 30.

In-vivo job development training among peer providers of homeless veterans supported employment programs.Gao N, Dolce J, Rio J, Heitzmann C, Loving S., Psychiatr Rehabil J. 2016 Jun;39(2):191-2. doi: 10.1037/prj0000196.

Psychosis, Lack of Job Skills, and Criminal History: Associations With Employment in Two Samples of Homeless Men.Tsai J, Rosenheck RA., Psychiatr Serv. 2016 Jun 1;67(6):671-5. doi: 10.1176/appi.ps.201500145. Epub 2016 Jan 14.

Effects of Housing First on Employment and Income of Homeless Individuals: Results of a Randomized Trial. Poremski D, Stergiopoulos V, Braithwaite E, Distasio J, Nisenbaum R, Latimer E.
Psychiatr Serv. 2016 Jun 1;67(6):603-9. doi: 10.1176/appi.ps.201500002. Epub 2016 Feb 14.

Building trust with people receiving supported employment and housing first services. Poremski D, Whitley R, Latimer E., Psychiatr Rehabil J. 2016 Mar;39(1):20-6. doi: 10.1037/prj0000137. Epub 2015 Mar 30.

Persisting Barriers to Employment for Recently Housed Adults with Mental Illness Who Were Homeless. Poremski D, Woodhall-Melnik J, Lemieux AJ, Stergiopoulos V., J Urban Health. 2016 Feb;93(1):96-108. doi: 10.1007/s11524-015-0012-y.

Willingness of Housing First Participants to Consider Supported-Employment Services. Poremski D, Hwang SW., Psychiatr Serv. 2016 Jun 1;67(6):667-70. doi: 10.1176/appi.ps.201500140. Epub 2016 Jan 4.

Health and well-being of homeless veterans participating in transitional and supported employment: Six-month outcomes. Leddy M, Stefanovics E, Rosenheck R. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2014;51(1):161-75. doi: 10.1682/JRRD.2013.01.0011.

VA St. Louis HCS – "Front Door" to Vocational Services

VA St. Louis HCS – Front Door to Vocational Services

May 7, 2019

Captain James A. Lovell FHCC — Domiciliary Care for Homeless Veterans' Employment Preparation Classes

Captain James A. Lovell FHCC — Domiciliary Care for Homeless Veterans' Employment Preparation Classes

February 20, 2019

VA Pacific Islands HCS — Employment Case Conferencing

VA Pacific Islands HCS — Employment Case Conferencing

February 20, 2019

Overton Brooks VAMC — Effective Integration of Employment Services

Overton Brooks VAMC — Effective Integration of Employment Services

September 18, 2018

Stand Down Promising Practices: National Coalition for Homeless Veterans

Stand Down Promising Practices: National Coalition for Homeless Veterans

Profiles of Promising Homeless Veterans' Reintegration Program Grantees HVRP Best Practices Project

Profiles of Promising Homeless Veterans' Reintegration Program Grantees   HVRP Best Practices Project

2014: Homeless Veterans Community Employment Services (HVCES): Authorized by 38 U.S. Code § 2031 and 2033

 

COMPASS: Vocational Materials for Veterans with Barriers to Employment:  COMPASS is a job readiness course for Veterans seeking employment.

  • Includes a manual that covers topics such as skills, job applications, resumes, interviews, networking, and more.
  • Has 21 videos that demonstrate job readiness concepts that are discussed in the manual.
  • The manual will take you step by step through a process of identifying your interests, naming your weaknesses, and exploring options.
  • Particularly useful for Veterans with legal barriers to employment

Department of Labor - Disabled Veterans Outreach Program (DVOP)
Disabled Veterans Outreach Program (DVOP). DVOP provides funding through state employment agencies and many community-based homeless service providers nationwide to support dedicated staff that develop and provide employment and job training opportunities for disabled veterans. The program promotes and develops on-the-job training, apprenticeships and other employment services in both the private sector and federal job programs. The program provides outreach to veterans through local agencies and community-based service organizations. For information on the DVOP program, contact your nearest DOL-VETS office.

Department of Labor - Homeless Veterans Reintegration Program (HVRP)
The Homeless Veterans' Reintegration Program (HVRP) provides grants to service providers across the nation to help homeless veterans return to the workforce. HVRP is rated as one of the most successful homeless assistance programs in the nation, boasting the highest job placement and retention rates among national employment assistance initiatives. Organizations that receive HVRP funds also provide access to transitional housing and supportive services to ensure clients are able to successfully return to the work force.

National Veterans' Technical Assistance Center   The National Veterans' Technical Assistance Center (NVTAC) provides training and technical assistance to its grantees and other organizations who are committed to helping veterans experiencing homelessness find employment. NVTAC is funded by the U.S. Department of Labor's Veterans' Employment and Training Service (DOL-VETS).

Job-Driven Training in HVRP
Job-driven training helps to place ready-to-work Americans into employment by being responsive to the needs of employers and training for the jobs that are available now or the skills needed for better jobs. President Obama's 2014 State of the Union Address called for more job-driven training in order to match American workers with the needs of employers. This guide explains the concepts of job-driven training, how it improves employment outcomes, and how to implement it into your HVRP program.

U.S. Interagency Council on Homelessness (USICH): USICH coordinates and catalyzes the federal response to homelessness, working in close partnership with senior leaders across its 19 federal member agencies.

POC

Dr. Carma Heitzmann @ Carma.Heitzmann@va.gov

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