Attention A T users. To access the menus on this page please perform the following steps. 1. Please switch auto forms mode to off. 2. Hit enter to expand a main menu option (Health, Benefits, etc). 3. To enter and activate the submenu links, hit the down arrow. You will now be able to tab or arrow up or down through the submenu options to access/activate the submenu links.
Attention A T users. To access the combo box on this page please perform the following steps. 1. Press the alt key and then the down arrow. 2. Use the up and down arrows to navigate this combo box. 3. Press enter on the item you wish to view. This will take you to the page listed.
help for homeless veterans

Stay Connected with the VHA Homeless Programs Office

Sign up for email updates.

Contact the Homeless Veterans Outreach
Veterans Crisis Line Badge

VA Homeless Programs


Motivational Interviewing


Motivational Interviewing

Motivational Interviewing (MI) is a brief evidence-based (meaning well researched), treatment used to draw out and strengthen one's motivation for change. These treatments offer Veterans acceptance and compassion as they consider making changes in their lives. They focus on the Veteran's reasons for changing problem behaviors and openly discuss the mixed feelings that are a normal part of making changes.

Motivational Interviewing Training: New Trainers Manual


(September 2014)

Improving Treatment & Access to Care for Veterans with Substance Use


(April 2013)

Motivational Enhancement Therapy Manual: A Clinical Research Guide for Therapists Treating Individuals With Alcohol Abuse and Dependence


Harmful Interactions: mixing alcohol with medicines – National Institute on Alcohol Abuse & Alcoholism


Effectiveness of Motivational Interviewing on adult behaviour change in health and social care settings: A systematic review of reviews. Frost H, Campbell P, Maxwell M, O'Carroll RE, Dombrowski SU, Williams B, Cheyne H, Coles E, Pollock A. PLoS One. 2018 Oct 18;13(10):e0204890. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0204890. eCollection 2018.

Motivational Interviewing: as Easy as It Looks? Prescott DS.Prescott DS. Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2020 May 28;22(7):35. doi: 10.1007/s11920-020-01158-z.

Motivational interviewing, enhancement, and brief interventions over the last decade: A review of reviews of efficacy and effectiveness. DiClemente CC, Corno CM, Graydon MM, Wiprovnick AE, Knoblach DJ. Psychol Addict Behav. 2017 Dec;31(8):862-887. doi: 10.1037/adb0000318. Review.

Learning to Use Motivational Interviewing Effectively: Modules. Widder R.J Contin Educ Nurs. 2017 Jul 1;48(7):312-319. doi: 10.3928/00220124-20170616-08. Review.

Motivational Interviewing and the Transtheoretical Model of Change: Under-Explored Resources for Suicide Intervention. Hoy J, Natarajan A, Petra MM. Community Ment Health J. 2016 Jul;52(5):559-67. doi: 10.1007/s10597-016-9997-2. Epub 2016 Feb 17. Review.

Motivational Interviewing for Substance Use: Mapping Out the Next Generation of Research. Madson MB, Schumacher JA, Baer JS, Martino S. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2016 Jun;65:1-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2016.02.003. Epub 2016 Feb 15. No abstract available.

A Randomized Trial of Motivational Interviewing: Cessation Induction Among Smokers With Low Desire to Quit. Catley D, Goggin K, Harris KJ, Richter KP, Williams K, Patten C, Resnicow K, Ellerbeck EF, Bradley-Ewing A, Lee HS, Moreno JL, Grobe JE. Am J Prev Med. 2016 May;50(5):573-583. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2015.10.013. Epub 2015 Dec 23.

Motivational interviewing for medication adherence. Salvo MC, Cannon-Breland ML. J Am Pharm Assoc (2003). 2015 Jul-Aug;55(4):e354-61; quiz e362-3. doi: 10.1331/JAPhA.2015.15532. Review.

Motivational interviewing for smoking cessation. Lindson-Hawley N, Thompson TP, Begh R. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 Mar 2;(3):CD006936. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD006936.pub3. Review.

Impact of Motivational Interviewing on Medication Adherence in Schizophrenia. Vanderwaal FM. Issues Ment Health Nurs. 2015;36(11):900-4. doi: 10.3109/01612840.2015.1058445. Review

Advancing occupational justice through street-based intervention: A case study examining strategies for increasing meaningful engagement in the face of homelessness and incarceration. Kannenberg K, Conley M. Work. 2020 Jan 27. doi: 10.3233/WOR-203082. [Epub ahead of print]

No available resources

No available resources

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA): SAMHSA is the agency within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services that leads public health efforts to advance the behavioral health of the nation. SAMHSA's mission is to reduce the impact of substance abuse and mental illness on America's communities.

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA): NIAAA is one of the 27 institutes and centers that comprise the National Institutes of Health (NIH). NIAAA supports and conducts research on the impact of alcohol use on human health and well-being. It is the largest funder of alcohol research in the world.

National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) NIDA is one of the 27 institutes and centers that comprise the National Institutes of Health (NIH). NIDA's mission is to advance science on the causes and consequences of drug use and addiction and to apply that knowledge to improve individual and public health.
National Institutes of Health Publications – For Parents

Rethinking Drinking: Alcohol and your health

Center on Alcoholism, Substance Abuse, and Addictions (CASAA) Resources

Self-Management and Recovery Therapy (SMART) Recovery

External Link Disclaimer: This page contains links that will take you outside of the Department of Veterans Affairs website. VA does not endorse and is not responsible for the content of the linked websites.

*To search the entire site, please use the search bar in the upper right corner of the webpage