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help for homeless veterans

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VA Homeless Programs





Collaborative community efforts are needed to address the many causes of homelessness and other challenges that lead to housing instability. Community-based allies can leverage VA resources and their own assets to proactively seek out Veterans in need of assistance and expand Veterans' access to affordable housing, meaningful employment, household items, transportation resources and other services. Together, we can end and prevent homelessness among Veterans.

Homeless Veterans Outreach Tools
This VHA website provides numerous materials to assist providers with local outreach efforts.

Combination outreach and wellness intervention for distressed rural veterans: results of a multimethod pilot study. Dindo L, Roddy MK, Boykin D, Woods K, Rodrigues M, Smith TL, Gonzalez RD, True G.Dindo L, et al. J Behav Med. 2020 Sep 17. doi: 10.1007/s10865-020-00177-8

Advancing occupational justice through street-based intervention: A case study examining strategies for increasing meaningful engagement in the face of homelessness and incarceration. Kannenberg K, Conley M. Work. 2020 Jan 27. doi: 10.3233/WOR-203082. [Epub ahead of print]

Establishing a pharmacist-managed outreach clinic at a day shelter for homeless veterans. Haake ER, Krieger KJ, et al. Ment Health Clin. 2020 Jul 2;10(4):232-236. doi: 10.9740/mhc.2020.07.232

Health-related street outreach: Exploring the perceptions of homeless people with experience of sleeping rough.  Ungpakorn R, Rae B.Ungpakorn R, et al. J Adv Nurs. 2020 Jan;76(1):253-263. doi: 10.1111/jan.14225

A systematic review of nurse-led interventions with populations experiencing homelessness. Weber JJ. Public Health Nurs. 2019 Jan;36(1):96-106. doi: 10.1111/phn.12552. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Care avoidance among homeless people and access to care: an interview study among spiritual caregivers, street pastors, homeless outreach workers and formerly homeless people. Klop HT, Evenblij K, Gootjes JRG, de Veer AJE, Onwuteaka-Philipsen BD. BMC Public Health. 2018 Sep 5;18(1):1095. doi: 10.1186/s12889-018-5989-1.

Pursuing the Mission: How Homeless Veterans Manage Chronic Disease. Weber J, Lee RC, Martsolf D. Glob Qual Nurs Res. 2018 Aug 9;5:2333393618792093. doi: 10.1177/2333393618792093. eCollection 2018 Jan-Dec.

On the Frontlines: Perspectives of Providers Working With Homeless Women. Salem BE, Kwon J, Ames M. West J Nurs Res. 2018 May;40(5):665-687. doi: 10.1177/0193945916689081. Epub 2017 Jan 24.

Outreach to veterans with serious mental illness who are lost to care: Predictors of outreach contact.
Burton CZ, Abraham KM, Grindle CM, Visnic S, Hack SM, McCarthy JF, Bowersox NW. Psychol Serv. 2018 Feb;15(1):40-44. doi: 10.1037/ser0000140. Epub 2017 Mar 13.

End-of-life care for homeless people: A qualitative analysis exploring the challenges to access and provision of palliative care. Shulman C, Hudson BF, Low J, Hewett N, Daley J, Kennedy P, Davis S, Brophy N, Howard D, Vivat B, Stone P. Palliat Med. 2018 Jan;32(1):36-45. doi: 10.1177/0269216317717101. Epub 2017 Jul 3.

SSI/SSDI Outreach, Access, and Recovery (SOAR): Disability Application Outcomes Among Homeless Adults. Lowder EM, Desmarais SL, Neupert SD, Truelove MA. Psychiatr Serv. 2017 Nov 1;68(11):1189-1192. doi: 10.1176/ Epub 2017 Aug 1.

Improving outcomes for homeless people with alcohol disorders: a multi-program community-based approach. Morse GA, York MM, Dell N, Blanco J, Birchmier C. J Ment Health. 2017 Jul 7:1-8. doi: 10.1080/09638237.2017.1340617. [Epub ahead of print]

Providing intensive addiction/housing case management to homeless veterans enrolled in addictions treatment: A randomized controlled trial. Malte CA, Cox K, Saxon AJ. Psychol Addict Behav. 2017 May;31(3):231-241. doi: 10.1037/adb0000273

Using Getting To Outcomes to facilitate the use of an evidence-based practice in VA homeless programs: a cluster-randomized trial of an implementation support strategy. Chinman M, McCarthy S, Hannah G, Byrne TH, Smelson DA. Implement Sci. 2017 Mar 9;12(1):34. doi: 10.1186/s13012-017-0565-0.

Housing outcomes and predictors of success: the role of hospitalization in street outreach. Lettner BH, Doan RJ, Miettinen AW. J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs. 2016 Mar;23(2):98-107. doi: 10.1111/jpm.12287.

Effect of the Economic Recession on Primary Care Access for the Homeless. White BM, Jones WJ, Moran WP, Simpson KN. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2016;27(3):1577-91. doi: 10.1353/hpu.2016.0104.

Mental Health Outreach to Persons Who are Homeless: Implications for Practice from a Statewide Study. Rowe M, Styron T, David DH. Community Ment Health J. 2016 Jan;52(1):56-65. doi: 10.1007/s10597-015-9963-4. Epub 2015 Dec 28.

Preliminary needs assessment of mobile technology use for healthcare among homeless veterans. McInnes DK, Fix GM, Solomon JL, Petrakis BA, Sawh L, Smelson DA. PeerJ. 2015 Jul 30;3:e1096. doi: 10.7717/peerj.1096. eCollection 2015

Tailoring Outreach Efforts to Increase Primary Care Use Among Homeless Veterans: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial. O'Toole TP, Johnson EE, Borgia ML, Rose J. J Gen Intern Med. 2015 Jul;30(7):886-98. doi: 10.1007/s11606-015-3193-x. Epub 2015 Feb 12.

Is there a role for pharmacists in multidisciplinary health-care teams at community outreach events for the homeless? Chan V, Patounas M, Dornbusch D, Tran H, Watson P. Aust J Prim Health. 2015;21(4):379-83. Review.

A Comparison of Homeless Male Veterans in Metropolitan and Micropolitan Areas in Nebraska: A Methodological Caveat. Tsai J, Ramaswamy S, Bhatia SC, Rosenheck RA. Am J Community Psychol. 2015 Dec;56(3-4):357-67. doi: 10.1007/s10464-015-9746-7.

Street outreach and other forms of engagement with literally homeless veterans. Tsai J, Kasprow WJ, Kane V, Rosenheck RA. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2014 May;25(2):694-704. doi: 10.1353/hpu.2014.0087.


Palo Alto VA Medical Center – Comprehensive Street Outreach – October 18, 2017

The Role of Outreach and Engagement in Ending Homelessness: Lessons Learned from SAMHSA's Expert Panel – August 2016

Homeless Mobile Medical/Mental Health Veteran Outreach/VA North Texas: The Homeless Mobile Medical and Mental Health Veterans Clinic (HMMM-V) is an outreach recreational vehicle equipped to provide medical, mental health, social services, and peer support services to unsheltered Veterans experiencing homelessness. The HMMM-V Clinic provides services directly to Veterans in unsheltered environments, outdoors and special events across North Texas upon request.

  • Reaches out to Veterans who are homeless in the Dallas-Fort Worth area.
  • Attempts to find unsheltered Veterans eligible for VA services who need to be connected to care.
  • Helps to verify and enroll Veterans for VA services.
  • Delivers services to Veterans in unsheltered outdoor settings.
  • Provides immediate medical, mental health care, social services, and peer support.
  • Assistance can be coordinated by calling the HMMMV Clinic at 214-783-1179.

Health Care for Homeless Veterans program. Final rule. Department of Veterans Affairs. Fed Register 2015 May 1;80(84):24819-21.

Core Elements of Effective Street Outreach to People Experiencing Homelessness: United States Interagency Council on Homelessness (USICH) (June 2019)

National Alliance to End Homelessness (NAEH): NAEH is a United States-based organization addressing the issue of homelessness. The Alliance provides data and research to policymakers and elected officials in order to inform policy debates.

National Coalition for Homeless Veterans (NCHV): NCHV is a resource and technical assistance center for a national network of community-based service providers and local, state, and federal agencies that provide housing, employment services, case management, legal aid, and other supportive services to thousands of veterans experiencing or at-risk of homelessness each year.

External Link Disclaimer: This page contains links that will take you outside of the Department of Veterans Affairs website. VA does not endorse and is not responsible for the content of the linked websites.

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