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PTSD

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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

PTSD word collageAcording to the PTSD is a mental health problem that some people develop after experiencing or witnessing a life-threatening event, like combat, a natural disaster, a car accident, or sexual assault. It's normal to have upsetting memories, feel on edge, or have trouble sleeping after this type of event. If symptoms last more than a few months, it may be PTSD. The good news is that there are effective treatments. – The National Center on PTSD

PTSD and Traumatic Brain Injury: Differences between Male and Female Veterans (June 2019)

2017 Revised Clinical Practice Guideline for PTSD: Recommendations for Psychotherapy (March 2019)

2017 Revised Clinical Practice Guideline for PTSD: How it Impacts Primary Care (March 2019)

Assessment and Treatment of PTSD in Individuals with Co-occurring Psychotic Disorders (March 2019)

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Experiences of Sexual Assault During Military Service (November 2017)

Managing Anger: A Treatment for Those with PTSD (January 2017)

MISSION Act Section 133:  PTSD Course – This course gives community providers basic information on the diagnosis and treatment of PTSD.

Subcourse 1: PTSD 202: Skills Training in Affective and Interpersonal Regulation (STAIR) - This e-learning course is split into three sections each containing a series of 15 to 20 minute sessions about STAIR, a trauma-informed, skills-focused treatment for PTSD and depression symptoms. Each session provides interactive, engaging, and learner-centric training and resources for behavioral health clinicians learning to perform this therapy. The course relies heavily on a situational learning approach that involves scenarios, realistic examples, storytelling and characters. This approach takes several forms which is useful in expressing the nuances necessary to demonstrate behavioral, emotional and cognitive processes.

Community Hospices: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Vietnam Veterans - This recorded knowledge-based presentation will define PTSD, it’s causes and symptoms, and how this may manifest at the end of life. A number of treatment options for PTSD specific to those under hospice are will be presented.

Associations among Clinical Variables and Anger Differ by Early Life Adversity Among Post-9/11 Veterans. Etchin AG, Corbo V, Brown E, Fortier CB, Fonda JR, Milberg WP, Currao A, McGlinchey RE. Clin Psychol Psychother. 2022 Feb 6. doi: 10.1002/cpp.2722. Epub ahead of print.

Response to Intravenous Racemic Ketamine After Switch from Intranasal (S)-ketamine on Symptoms of Treatment-Resistant Depression and PTSD in Veterans: a Retrospective Case Series. Bentley S, Artin H, Mehaffey E, Liu F, Sojourner K, Bismark A, Printz D, Lee EE, Martis B, De Peralta S, Baker DG, Mishra J, Ramanathan D. Pharmacotherapy. 2022 Feb 5. doi: 10.1002/phar.2664. Epub ahead of print.

Hair Cortisol in Service Dogs for Veterans with Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Compared to Companion Dogs (Canis Familiaris). van Houtert EAE, Endenburg N, Vermetten E, Rodenburg TB. J Appl Anim Welf Sci. 2022 Feb 4:1-11. doi: 10.1080/10888705.2022.2033119. Epub ahead of print.

Understanding how Canadian health care providers have learned to identify co-occurring PTSD symptoms and dementia in Veterans. Ritchie K, Cramm H, Aiken A, Donnelly C, Goldie C. J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs. 2022 Feb 4. doi: 10.1111/jpm.12825. Epub ahead of print.

Bilateral Sequential Theta Burst Stimulation in Depressed Veterans with Service Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Feasibility Study. Vaithianathan T, Blair M, Soares V, Rybak YE, Palaniyappan L, Richardson JD, Burhan AM. BMC Psychiatry. 2022 Feb 3;22(1):81. doi: 10.1186/s12888-022-03729-1.

Posttraumatic stress as a moderator of the association between HPA-axis functioning and alcohol use disorder among a community sample of women currently experiencing intimate partner violence. Goldstein SC, Schick MR, Weyandt LL, Sullivan TP, Saint-Eloi Cadely H, Weiss NH. Exp Clin Psychopharmacol. 2022 Feb 3. doi: 10.1037/pha0000543. Epub ahead of print.

Cultivating psychological flexibility to address religious and spiritual suffering in moral injury. Borges LM, Barnes SM, Farnsworth JK, Evans WR, Moon Z, Drescher KD, Walser RD. J Health Care Chaplain. 2022 Feb 2:1-10. doi: 10.1080/08854726.2022.2031467. Epub ahead of print.

Let's Get "REAL": A Collaborative Group Therapy for Moral Injury. Smigelsky MA, Malott J, Parker R, Check C, Rappaport B, Ward S. J Health Care Chaplain. 2022 Feb 3:1-15. doi: 10.1080/08854726.2022.2032978. Epub ahead of print.

Emotional Induced Attentional Blink in Trauma-Exposed Veterans: Associations With Trauma Specific and Nonspecific Symptoms. Olatunji BO, Liu Q, Zald DH, Cole DA. J Anxiety Disord. 2022 Jan 31;87:102541. doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2022.102541. Epub ahead of print.

The role of general self-efficacy in intimate partner violence and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder among women Veterans. Webermann AR, Dardis CM, Iverson KM. J Trauma Stress. 2022 Jan 31. doi: 10.1002/jts.22794. Epub ahead of print.

Posttraumatic stress disorder symptom expression in racially and ethnically diverse women Veterans. Ceja A, Yalch MM, Maguen S. Psychiatry Res. 2022 Jan 30;309:114426. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2022.114426. Epub ahead of print.

Psychophysiological Responses to a Brief Self-Compassion Exercise in Armed Forces Veterans. Gerdes S, Williams H, Karl A. Front Psychol. 2022 Jan 18;12:780319. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.780319.

Impact of Military Service in Vietnam on Coping and Health Behaviors of Aging Veterans During the COVID-19 Pandemic.
Stellman JM, Stellman SD, Spiro A 3rd, Pless Kaiser A, Smith BN. Front Public Health. 2022 Jan 17;9:809357. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2021.809357.

In-office, In-Home, and Telehealth Cognitive Processing Therapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Veterans: a randomized clinical trial. Peterson AL, Mintz J, Moring JC, Straud CL, Young-McCaughan S, McGeary CA, McGeary DD, Litz BT, Velligan DI, Macdonald A, Mata-Galan E, Holliday SL, Dillon KH, Roache JD, Bira LM, Nabity PS, Medellin EM, Hale WJ, Resick PA. BMC Psychiatry. 2022 Jan 17;22(1):41. doi: 10.1186/s12888-022-03699-4.

Moral Injury and Peri- and Post-Military Suicide Attempts among Post-9/11 Veterans. Maguen S, Griffin BJ, Vogt D, Hoffmire CA, Blosnich JR, Bernhard PA, Akhtar FZ, Cypel YS, Schneiderman AI. Psychol Med. 2022 Jan 17:1-10. doi: 10.1017/S0033291721005274. Epub ahead of print.

Identifying Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Disparity Among Transgender Veterans Using Nationwide Veterans Health Administration Electronic Health Record Data. Livingston NA, Lynch KE, Hinds Z, Gatsby E, DuVall SL, Shipherd JC. LGBT Health. 2022 Jan 4. doi: 10.1089/lgbt.2021.0246. Epub ahead of print. 

The Relations Between C-Reactive Protein and Trauma Exposure, PTSD And Depression Symptoms, And PTSD Psychotherapy Treatment Response in Treatment Seeking Veterans and Service Members. Maples-Keller JL, Yasinski C, Stojek M, Ravi M, Watkins LE, Patton SC, Rothbaum AO, Unongo M, Dunlop BW, Rauch SAM, Michopoulos V, Rothbaum BO. Brain Behav Immun. 2022 Jan 3;101:84-92. doi: 10.1016/j.bbi.2021.12.025. Epub ahead of print.

Deep Brain Stimulation for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Review of the Experimental and Clinical Literature. Meeres J, Hariz M. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2022 Jan 3:1-13. doi: 10.1159/000521130. Epub ahead of print.

Imaginal exposure processing during Concurrent Treatment of PTSD and Substance Use Disorders using Prolonged Exposure (COPE) therapy: Examination of linguistic markers of cohesiveness. Gandelman EM, Miller SA, Back SE. J Trauma Stress. 2022 Jan 3. doi: 10.1002/jts.22786. Epub ahead of print.

Latent Class Patterns of Adverse Childhood Experiences and Their Relationship to Veteran Status and Sex in the  National Epidemiologic Survey of Alcohol and Related Conditions  Wave III. Tynan M, Wooldridge JS, Rossi F, McLean CL, Gasperi M, Bosch J, Timko C, Herbert M, Afari N. Mil Med. 2022 Jan 3:usab536. doi: 10.1093/milmed/usab536. Epub ahead of print.

Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy for Armed Forces Veterans with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Systematic Review and Focus Group. Vianez A, Marques A, Simões de Almeida R. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 Jan 1;19(1):464. doi: 10.3390/ijerph19010464.

Research utility of a CAPS-IV and CAPS-5 Hybrid Interview: Posttraumatic Stress Symptom and Diagnostic Concordance in Recent-Era U.S. Veterans. Jackson CE, Currao A, Fonda JR, Kenna A, Milberg WP, McGlinchey RE, Fortier CB. J Trauma Stress. 2021 Dec 31. doi: 10.1002/jts.22771. Epub ahead of print.

Integration of Arts and Health Sciences in Developing an Opera on Veteran Resilience and Recovery. Wells KB, Skrine Jeffers K, Mango J. Health Promot Pract. 2021 Dec 30:15248399211065402. doi: 10.1177/15248399211065402. Epub ahead of print.

Exploring How Positive and Negative Social Exchanges Relate to Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Severity among Previously Deployed Men Service Members/Veterans. Blais RK, Zalta AK. Psychol Trauma. 2021 Dec 30. doi: 10.1037/tra0001154. Epub ahead of print.

Self-Reported Autonomic Dysregulation in Gulf War Illness. Avery TJ, Mathersul DC, Schulz-Heik RJ, Mahoney L, Bayley PJ. Mil Med. 2021 Dec 30:usab546. doi: 10.1093/milmed/usab546. Epub ahead of print.

Epidemiology of DSM-5 alcohol use disorder in U.S. military veterans: Results from the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study. Panza KE, Kline AC, Na PJ, Potenza MN, Norman SB, Pietrzak RH. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2021 Dec 27;231:109240. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2021.109240. Epub ahead of print.

Mechanisms of the Association between PTSD and Sexual Arousal and Lubrication Functioning among Trauma-Exposed Female Service Members/Veterans. Blais RK, Bird E, Sartin-Tarm A, Campbell SB, Lorenz T. J Affect Disord. 2021 Dec 26:S0165-0327(21)01428-2. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2021.12.106. Epub ahead of print.

Veteran Competencies in Nursing Textbooks: Implications for Educators. Chargualaf KA, Patterson B, Elliott B. Nurs Educ Perspect. 2021 Dec 11. doi: 10.1097/01.NEP.0000000000000923. Epub ahead of print.

Evidence for excess familial clustering of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in the US Veterans Genealogy resource. Cannon-Albright LA, Romesser J, Teerlink CC, Thomas A, Meyer LJ. J Psychiatr Res. 2021 Dec 11:S0022-3956(21)00720-2. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2021.12.018. Epub ahead of print. 

Central Nervous System Polytherapy among Veterans with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Changes Across a Decade.
Hadlandsmyth K, Bernardy NC, Lund BC. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2021 Dec 10;74:46-50. Doi: 10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2021.12.002. Epub ahead of print. 

Childhood Trauma Differentially Impacts Depression and Stress Associations with Reintegration Challenges Among Post-9/11 U.S. Veterans. Etchin AG, Fonda JR, Howard EP, Fortier CB, Milberg WP, Pounds K, McGlinchey RE. Nurs Outlook. 2021 Dec 8:S0029-6554(21)00238-4. doi: 10.1016/j.outlook.2021.10.008. 

Do Older Veterans Experience Change in Posttraumatic Cognitions Following Treatment for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder? Wells SY, Walter KH, Dedert EA, Strasshofer DR, Schnitzer JS, Thorp SR, Morland LA, Glassman LH. Psychol Trauma. 2021 Nov 29. doi: 10.1037/tra0001119.

Impacts of Internet-Based Interventions for Veterans With PTSD: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Front Psychol. Zhou Y, Bai Z, Wu W, Fan Z, Wu C, Li L, Li S. 2021 Nov 24;12:711652. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.711652.

Benefits of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia for Women Veterans with and without Probable Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Carlson GC, Kelly MR, Mitchell M, Josephson KR, McGowan SK, Culver NC, Kay M, Alessi CA, Fung CH, Washington DL, Hamilton A, Yano EM, Martin JL. Womens Health Issues. 2021 Nov 20:S1049-3867(21)00160-2. doi: 10.1016/j.whi.2021.10.007. 

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder in Older U.S. Military Veterans: Prevalence, Characteristics, and Psychiatric and Functional Burden. Moye J, Kaiser AP, Cook J, Pietrzak RH. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2021 Oct 30:S1064-7481(21)00520-0. doi: 10.1016/j.jagp.2021.10.011. Epub ahead of print.

A Comparison of Group Anger Management Treatments for Combat Veterans With PTSD: Results From a Quasi-Experimental Trial. Van Voorhees EE, Dillon KH, Wilson SM, Dennis PA, Neal LC, Medenblik AM, Calhoun PS, Dedert EA, Caron K, Chaudhry N, White JD, Elbogen E, Beckham JC. J Interpers Violence. 2021 Oct;36(19-20):NP10276-NP10300. doi: 10.1177/0886260519873335. Epub 2019 Sep 6. 

Associations between Justice Involvement and PTSD and Depressive symptoms, Suicidal Ideation, and Suicide Attempt among Post-9/11 Veterans. Holliday R, Hoffmire CA, Martin WB, Hoff RA, Monteith LL. Psychol Trauma. 2021 Oct;13(7):730-739. doi: 10.1037/tra0001038. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Aggression Among Post-9/11 Veterans: The Role of Shame. Zakarian RJ, McDevitt-Murphy ME. Pers Individ Dif. 2022 Feb;185:111267. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2021.111267. Epub 2021 Oct 6. 

Attachment Style Moderates Polygenic Risk for Incident Posttraumatic Stress in U.S. Military Veterans: A 7-Year, Nationally Representative, Prospective Cohort Study. Tamman AJF, Wendt FR, Pathak GA, Krystal JH, Southwick SM, Sippel LM, Gelernter J, Polimanti R, Pietrzak RH. Biol Psychiatry. 2021 Oct 6:S0006-3223(21)01642-5. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2021.09.025. Epub ahead of print.

Event Related Potentials Indexing the Influence of Emotion on Cognitive Processing in Veterans with Comorbid Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Traumatic Brain Injury. Campbell AM, Elbogen EB, Johnson JL, Hamer RM, Belger A. Clin Neurophysiol. 2021 Jul;132(7):1389-1397. doi: 10.1016/j.clinph.2021.03.017. Epub 2021 Apr 7. 

The additional burden of PTSD on functioning and depression in Veterans with traumatic brain injury. Moriarty H, Robinson KM, Winter L. Nurs Outlook. 2021 Mar-Apr;69(2):167-181. doi: 10.1016/j.outlook.2020.11.003

Goal-Oriented Attention Self-Regulation Training Improves Executive Functioning in Veterans with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. Novakovic-Agopian T, Posecion L, Kornblith E, Abrams G, McQuaid JR, Neylan TC, Burciaga J, Joseph J, Carlin G, Groberio J, Maruyama B, Chen AJW. J Neurotrauma. 2021 Mar;38(5):582-592. doi: 10.1089/neu.2019.6806. Epub 2020 Nov 18. 

Psychosocial well-being among Veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder and substance use disorder. Blakey SM, Dillon KH, Wagner HR, Simpson TL, Beckham JC, Calhoun PS, Elbogen EB. Psychol Trauma. 2021 Mar 4. doi: 10.1037/tra0001018

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Subsequent to Apparent Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. Rieke JD, Lamb DG, Lewis GF, Davila MI, Schmalfuss IM, Murphy AJ, Tran AB, Bottari SA, Williamson JB. Cogn Behav Neurol. 2021 Mar 3;34(1):26-37. doi: 10.1097/WNN.0000000000000264

Longitudinal assessment of PTSD and illicit drug use among male and female OEF-OIF Veterans. Livingston NA, Lee DJ, Mahoney CT, Farmer SL, Cole T, Marx BP, Keane TM. Addict Behav. 2021 Feb 8;118:106870. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.106870

Self-Reported PTSD Symptoms and Social Support in U.S. Military Service Members And Veterans: A Meta-Analysis. Blais RK, Tirone V, Orlowska D, Lofgreen A, Klassen B, Held P, Stevens N, Zalta AK. Eur J Psychotraumatol. 2021 Feb 4;12(1):1851078. doi: 10.1080/20008198.2020.1851078.

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Treatment Dropout Among Military and Veteran Populations: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Edwards-Stewart A, Smolenski DJ, Bush NE, Cyr BA, Beech EH, Skopp NA, Belsher BE. J Trauma Stress. 2021 Feb 1. doi: 10.1002/jts.22653

Association of Combat Experiences With Suicide Attempts Among Active-Duty US Service Members. LeardMann CA, Matsuno RK, Boyko EJ, Powell TM, Reger MA, Hoge CW; Millennium Cohort Study. JAMA Netw Open. 2021 Feb 1;4(2):e2036065. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.36065

A Factor Analysis of the Suicide Cognitions Scale in Veterans with Military Sexual Trauma-Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Wiblin J, Holder N, Holliday R, Jeon-Slaughter H, LePage J, Surís A.J Trauma Dissociation. 2021 Jan 18:1-13. doi: 10.1080/15299732.2020.1869643

Factors contributing to veterans' satisfaction with PTSD treatment delivered in person compared to telehealth. White CN, Kauffman BY, Acierno R. J Telemed Telecare. 2021 Jan 26:1357633X20987704. doi: 10.1177/1357633X20987704

The Impact of Discriminatory Stress on Changes in Posttraumatic Stress Severity at the Intersection of Race/Ethnicity and Gender. McClendon J, Kressin N, Perkins D, Copeland LA, Finley EP, Vogt D. J Trauma Dissociation. 2021 Jan 18:1-18. doi: 10.1080/15299732.2020.1869079

In Their Own Words: Veteran Experiences with Evidence-Based Treatments for PTSD in the Veterans Health Administration. Doran JM, O'Shea M, Harpaz-Rotem I. Psychiatr Q. 2021 Jan 6. doi: 10.1007/s11126-020-09861-z

Correlates of Obtaining Employment among Veterans Receiving Treatment for Severe PTSD in Specialized Intensive Programs. Stevenson BJ, Mueller L, Kelly MM, Rosenheck RA. Psychiatr Q. 2021 Jan 6. doi: 10.1007/s11126-020-09864-w

The National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study: A Narrative Review and Future Directions. Fogle BM, Tsai J, Mota N, Harpaz-Rotem I, Krystal JH, Southwick SM, Pietrzak RH. Front Psychiatry. 2020 Dec 9;11:538218. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2020.538218. eCollection 2020

Network analysis of PTSD and depressive symptoms in 158,139 treatment-seeking veterans with PTSD. Duek O, Spiller TR, Pietrzak RH, Fried EI, Harpaz-Rotem I. Depress Anxiety. 2020 Nov 15. doi: 10.1002/da.23112

Geographic Variation in Initiation of Evidence-based Psychotherapy Among Veterans With PTSD. Dufort VM, Bernardy N, Maguen S, Hoyt JE, Litt ER, Patterson OV, Leonard CE, Shiner B. Mil Med. 2020 Nov 13:usaa389. doi: 10.1093/milmed/usaa389

Residential Cognitive Processing Therapy Decreases Suicidality by Reducing Perceived Burdensomeness in Veterans with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Blain RC, Pukay-Martin ND, Martin CE, Dutton-Cox CE, Chard KM. J Trauma Stress. 2020 Oct 31. doi: 10.1002/jts.22618

Challenging the Hegemony of the Symptom: Reclaiming Context in PTSD and Moral Injury. Kinghorn W. J Med Philos. 2020 Oct 31:jhaa023. doi: 10.1093/jmp/jhaa023

Early discontinuation of pharmacotherapy in U.S. veterans diagnosed with PTSD and the role of psychotherapy. Duek O, Pietrzak RH, Petrakis I, Hoff R, Harpaz-Rotem I. J Psychiatr Res. 2020 Oct 17;132:167-173. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2020.10.005

Pain, Depression, and PTSD Following Major Extremity Trauma Among United States Military Serving in Iraq and Afghanistan: Results from the METALS Study. Castillo RC, Carlini AR, Doukas WC, Hayda RA, Frisch HM, Andersen RC, DʼAlleyrand JC, Mazurek MT, Ficke JR, Keeling JJ, Pasquina PF, Wain HJ, MacKenzie EJ. J Orthop Trauma. 2020 Oct 13. doi: 10.1097/BOT.0000000000001921

Impact of cannabis on non-medical opioid use and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder: a nationwide longitudinal VA study. De Aquino JP, Sofuoglu M, Stefanovics EA, Rosenheck RA. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2020 Oct 9:1-11. doi: 10.1080/00952990.2020.1818248

Association Between Positive Results on the Primary Care-Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Screen and Suicide Mortality Among US Veterans. Cooper SA, Szymanski BR, Bohnert KM, Sripada RK, McCarthy JF. JAMA Netw Open. 2020 Sep 1;3(9):e2015707.
doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.15707

Evaluation of an Implementation Intervention to Increase Reach of Evidence-Based Psychotherapies for PTSD in US Veterans Health Administration PTSD Clinics. Sayer NA, Bernardy NC, Yoder M, Hamblen JL, Rosen CS, Ackland PE, Kehle-Forbes SM, Clothier BA, Schnurr PP, Orazem RJ, Noorbaloochi S. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2020 Sep 17. doi: 10.1007/s10488-020-01086-3

Is homelessness a traumatic event? Results from the 2019-2020 National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study. Tsai J, Schick V, Hernandez B, Pietrzak RH. Depress Anxiety. 2020 Sep 19. doi: 10.1002/da.23098.

Posttraumatic stress disorder and deliberate self-harm among military veterans: Indirect effects through negative and positive emotion dysregulation. Raudales AM, Weiss NH, Goncharenko S, Forkus SR, Contractor AA. Psychol Trauma. 2020 Sep 3. doi: 10.1037/tra0000962

Strategies for Managing Chronic Pain, Chronic PTSD, and Comorbidities: Reflections on a Case Study Documented over Ten Years. Weisfeld CC, Dunleavy K. J Clin Psychol Med Settings. 2020 Sep 5. doi: 10.1007/s10880-020-09741-5

Heightened healthcare utilization & risk of mental disorders among Veterans with comorbid opioid use disorder & posttraumatic stress disorder. Mahoney CT, Moshier SJ, Keane TM, Marx BP. Addict Behav. 2020 Jul 24;112:106572. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106572

Emotion Dysregulation Predicts Dropout from Prolonged Exposure Treatment among Female Veterans with Military Sexual Trauma-Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Gilmore AK, Lopez C, Muzzy W, Brown WJ, Grubaugh A, Oesterle DW, Acierno R. Womens Health Issues. 2020 Aug 23:S1049-3867(20)30069-4. doi: 10.1016/j.whi.2020.07.004.

Treatment receipt patterns among individuals with co-occurring posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders. Simpson TL, et al. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2020.

How do gender and military sexual trauma impact PTSD symptoms in cognitive processing therapy and prolonged exposure? Khan AJ, Holder N, Li Y, Shiner B, Madden E, Seal K, Neylan TC, Maguen S. J Psychiatr Res. 2020 Jul 26;130:89-96. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2020.06.025.

Post-traumatic symptom severity mediates the association between combat exposure and suicidal ideation in veterans. Glenn JJ, Dillon KH, Dennis PA, Patel TA, Mann AJ, Calhoun PS, Kimbrel NA, Beckham JC, Elbogen EB. Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2020 Aug 8. doi: 10.1111/sltb.12678.

Intimate Partner Violence Predicts Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Severity Independent of Early Life and Deployment-Related Trauma in Deployed Men and Women Veterans. Pierce ME, Fortier C, Fonda JR, Milberg W, McGlinchey R. J Interpers Violence. 2020 Jul 13:886260520938514. doi: 10.1177/0886260520938514. 

Cumulative Trauma Exposure and Chronic Homelessness Among Veterans: The Roles of Responses to Intrusions and Emotion Regulation. Macia KS, Moschetto JM, Wickham RE, Brown LM, Waelde LC. J Trauma Stress. 2020 Jul 13. doi: 10.1002/jts.22569.

The Roles of Alcohol Use Severity and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms as Risk Factors for Women's Intimate Partner Violence Experiences. Mahoney CT, Iverson KM. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2020 Jun;29(6):827-836. doi: 10.1089/jwh.2019.7944

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Justice Involvement Among Military Veterans: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Taylor EN, Timko C, Nash A, Owens MD, Harris AHS, Finlay AK. J Trauma Stress. 2020 Jun 9. doi: 10.1002/jts.22526

Comparing Exposure- and Coping Skills-Based Treatments on Trauma-Related Guilt in Veterans with Co-Occurring Alcohol Use and Posttraumatic Stress Disorders. Capone C, Tripp JC, Trim RS, Davis BC, Haller M, Norman SB. J Trauma Stress. 2020 Jun 10. doi: 10.1002/jts.22538. Onlineahead of print.

Comorbid PTSD and Depression Diagnoses Mediate the Association of Military Sexual Trauma and Suicide and Intentional Self-Inflicted Injury in VHA-Enrolled Iraq/Afghanistan Veterans, 2004-2014. Livingston WS, Fargo JD, Gundlapalli AV, Brignone E, Blais RK. J Affect Disord. 2020 Sep 1;274:1184-1190. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2020.05.024. Epub 2020 May 23.

Suicidal Ideation in a Veterans Affairs Residential Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Treatment Setting: The Roles of Thwarted Belongingness and Perceived Burdensomeness. Martin CE, Pukay-Martin ND, Blain RC, Dutton-Cox C, Chard KM. J Trauma Stress. 2020 Jun 29. doi: 10.1002/jts.22540.

Factors associated with PTSD symptom improvement among Iraq and Afghanistan veterans receiving evidenced-based psychotherapy. Maguen S, Holder N, Li Y, Madden E, Neylan TC, Seal KH, Lujan C, Patterson OV, DuVall SL, Shiner B. J Affect Disord. 2020 Aug 1;273:1-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2020.04.039

A Systematic Review of Intensive Empirically Supported Treatments for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Sciarrino NA, et al. J Trauma Stress. 2020. 

The Effects of Prolonged Exposure on Substance Use in Patients with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Substance Use Disorders. Peirce JM, Schacht RL, Brooner RK.Peirce JM, et al. J Trauma Stress. 2020 Jun 29. doi: 10.1002/jts.22546.

Demographic Variation in the Use of Prazosin for Treatment of Sleep Disturbance in Combat Veterans with PTSD. Rubin ML, Copeland LA, Kroll-Desrosiers AR, Knittel AG. Psychopharmacol Bull. 2020 May 19;50(2):26-35.

Timing of evidence-based psychotherapy for posttraumatic stress disorder initiation among Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans in the Veterans Health Administration. Holder N, Shiner B, Li Y, Madden E, Neylan TC, Seal KH, Lujan C, Patterson OV, DuVall SL, Maguen S.Holder N, et al. Psychol Trauma. 2020 Mar;12(3):260-271. doi: 10.1037/tra0000496. 

Examining the Overlap Between Moral Injury and PTSD in US Veterans and Active Duty Military. Koenig HG, Youssef NA, Ames D, Teng EJ, Hill TD.Koenig HG, et al. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2020 Jan;208(1):7-12. doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000001077 

Comparing Exposure- and Coping Skills-Based Treatments on Trauma-Related Guilt in Veterans with Co-Occurring Alcohol Use and Posttraumatic Stress Disorders. Capone C, Tripp JC, Trim RS, Davis BC, Haller M, Norman SB.Capone C, et al. J Trauma Stress. 2020 Jun 10. doi: 10.1002/jts.22538. Onlineahead of print.

The 20-year course of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms among veterans. Lee DJ, Lee LO, Bovin MJ, Moshier SJ, Dutra SJ, Kleiman SE, Rosen RC, Vasterling JJ, Keane TM, Marx BP.Lee DJ, et al. J Abnorm Psychol. 2020 Jun 1. doi: 10.1037/abn0000571. Online ahead of print.

Social Support Moderates the Association Between Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Treatment Duration and Treatment Outcomes in Telemedicine-Based Treatment Among Rural Veterans. Campbell SB, et al. J Trauma Stress. 2020. PMID: 32521100

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Justice Involvement Among Military Veterans: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Taylor EN, Timko C, Nash A, Owens MD, Harris AHS, Finlay AK.Taylor EN, et al. J Trauma Stress. 2020 Jun 9. doi: 10.1002/jts.22526. Online ahead of print.

Using Interpretation Bias Modification to Reduce Anger in Veterans with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Pilot Study. Dillon KH, Medenblik AM, Mosher TM, Elbogen EB, Morland LA, Beckham JC.Dillon KH, et al. J Trauma Stress. 2020 Jun 9. doi: 10.1002/jts.22525. Online ahead of print.

Improving outcomes for a 3-week intensive treatment program for posttraumatic stress disorder in survivors of military sexual trauma. Lofgreen AM, Tirone V, Carroll KK, Rufa AK, Smith DL, Bagley J, Zalta AK, Brennan MB, Van Horn R, Pollack MH, Held P.Lofgreen AM, et al. J Affect Disord. 2020 May 15;269:134-140. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2020.03.036. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

Themes in experiences of PTSD symptoms and relationships among male veterans with risky sexual behavior. Decker SE, Pavlo A, Harper A, Herring Y, Black AC.

Psychol Trauma. 2020 Apr 27. doi: 10.1037/tra0000569. [Epub ahead of print]

Improving outcomes for a 3-week intensive treatment program for posttraumatic stress disorder in survivors of military sexual trauma. Lofgreen AM, Tirone V, Carroll KK, Rufa AK, Smith DL, Bagley J, Zalta AK, Brennan MB, Van Horn R, Pollack MH, Held P. J Affect Disord. 2020 Mar 19;269:134-140. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2020.03.036. [Epub ahead of print]

Gender differences in outcomes following specialized intensive PTSD treatment in the Veterans Health Administration. Stefanovics EA, Rosenheck RA. Psychol Trauma. 2020 Mar;12(3):272-280. doi: 10.1037/tra0000495. Epub 2019 Jul 8.

Parallel process modeling of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and alcohol use severity in returning veterans. Mahoney CT, Livingston NA, Wong MM, Rosen RC, Marx BP, Keane TM. Psychol Addict Behav. 2020 Mar 2. doi: 10.1037/adb0000569. [Epub ahead of print]

The role of depression and suicidal cognitions as contributors to suicide risk among active duty soldiers reporting symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder. Rugo KF, Tabares JV, Crowell SE, Baucom BR, Rudd MD, Bryan CJ. J Affect Disord. 2020 Mar 15;265:333-341. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2020.01.095. Epub 2020 Jan 23.

Timing of evidence-based psychotherapy for posttraumatic stress disorder initiation among Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans in the Veterans Health Administration. Holder N, Shiner B, Li Y, Madden E, Neylan TC, Seal KH, Lujan C, Patterson OV, DuVall SL, Maguen S. Psychol Trauma. 2020 Mar;12(3):260-271. doi: 10.1037/tra0000496. Epub 2019 Jul 25.

Comparing the effectiveness of VA residential PTSD treatment for veterans who do and do not report a history of MST: A national investigation. Holliday R, Smith NB, Holder N, Gross GM, Monteith LL, Maguen S, Hoff RA, Harpaz-Rotem I. J Psychiatr Res. 2020 Mar;122:42-47. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2019.12.012. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Combat Experiences Link With Posttraumatic Growth Among Veterans Across Conflicts: The Influence of PTSD and Depression. LaRocca MA, Avery TJ. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2020 Feb 7. doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000001147. [Epub ahead of print]

Brain Volume in Veterans: Relationship to Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. Martindale SL, Rostami R, Shura RD, Taber KH, Rowland JA. Head Trauma Rehabil. 2020 Feb 26. doi: 10.1097/HTR.0000000000000559. [Epub ahead of print]

Rationale and design of an efficacy study of Group Prolonged Exposure for PTSD. C'de Baca J, Castillo D, DeBeer B, Qualls C. Contemp Clin Trials Commun. 2019 Dec 30;17:100509. doi: 10.1016/j.conctc.2019.100509. eCollection 2020 Mar.

Postconcussive, posttraumatic stress and depressive symptoms in recently deployed U.S. Army soldiers with traumatic brain injury. Agtarap S, Campbell-Sills L, Thomas ML, Kessler RC, Ursano RJ, Stein MB. Psychol Assess. 2019 Nov;31(11):1340-1356. doi: 10.1037/pas0000756. Epub 2019 Aug 5.

Depression Suppresses Treatment Response for Traumatic Loss-Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Active Duty Military Personnel. Jacoby VM, Hale W, Dillon K, Dondanville KA, Wachen JS, Yarvis JS, Litz BT, Mintz J, Young-McCaughan S, Peterson AL, Resick PA; STRONG STAR Consortium. J Trauma Stress. 2019 Oct;32(5):774-783. doi: 10.1002/jts.22441. Epub 2019 Aug 28.

Traumatic loss tied to poorer response to PTSD treatment: (August 2019)

Posttraumatic stress disorder and interpersonal process in homeless veterans participating in a peer mentoring intervention: Associations with program benefit. Van Voorhees EE, Resnik L, Johnson E, O'Toole T.Psychol Serv. 2019 Aug;16(3):463-474. doi: 10.1037/ser000023. Epub 2018 Jan 25.
Vets with PTSD twice as likely as U.S. population to die from suicide, accidental injury, liver damage (July 2019) https://www.research.va.gov/currents/0719-Vets-with-PTSD-twice-as-likely-as-US-population-to-die-from-suicide-accidental-injury-liver-damage.cfm
Forehand, J.A., Peltzman, T., Westgate, C.L., Riblet, N.B., Watts, B.V., Shiner, B. (2019).

Causes of Excess Mortality in Veterans Treated for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. American Journal of Preventative Medicine, Jun 15. pii: S0749-3797(19)30164-3. (doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2019.03.014). [Epub ahead of print]

Moving Beyond Housing: Service Implications for Veterans Entering Permanent Supportive Housing. Harris T, Winetrobe H, Rhoades H, Castro CA, Wenzel S. Clin Soc Work J. 2018 Jun;46(2):130-144. doi: 10.1007/s10615-018-0648-7. Epub 2018 Jan 22.

Neurocognition, psychiatric symptoms, and lifetime homelessness among veterans with a history of traumatic brain injury. Twamley EW, Hays CC, Van Patten R, Seewald PM, Orff HJ, Depp CA, Olsen DC, Jak AJ. Psychiatry Res. 2019 Jan;271:167-170. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2018.11.049. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Reducing Frequent Utilization of Psychiatric Emergency Services Among Veterans While Maintaining Quality of Care. Blonigen DM, Manfredi L, Heinz A, Bi X, Suarez P, Nevedal AL, Vashi AA, Timko C, Wagner T. Psychiatr Serv. 2018 Apr 1;69(4):438-447. doi: 10.1176/appi.ps.201700288. Epub 2018 Feb 1.

Evaluation of brief treatment of symptoms of psychological trauma among veterans residing in a homeless shelter by use of Accelerated Resolution Therapy. Kip KE, D'Aoust RF, Hernandez DF, Girling SA, Cuttino B, Long MK, Rojas P, Wittenberg T, Abhayakumar A, Rosenzweig L.Nurs Outlook. 2016 Sep-Oct;64(5):411-23. doi: 10.1016/j.outlook.2016.04.006. Epub 2016 May 7

Study finds that women with posttraumatic stress disorder have an increased risk of ovarian cancer. Printz C. Cancer. 2020 Feb 1;126(3):468-469. doi: 10.1002/cncr.32706. No abstract available.
 
Posttraumatic stress disorder and risk of selected autoimmune diseases among US military personnel. Bookwalter DB, Roenfeldt KA, LeardMann CA, Kong SY, Riddle MS, Rull RP. BMC Psychiatry. 2020 Jan 15;20(1):23. doi: 10.1186/s12888-020-2432-9.
 
Courses of suicidal ideation among military veterans in residential treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder. Smith NB, Sippel LM, Rozek DC, Spangler PT, Traber D, Straud CL, Hoff R, Harpaz-Rotem I. Depress Anxiety. 2020 Jan 17. doi: 10.1002/da.22993. [Epub ahead of print]
 
Baseline Cognitive Performance and Treatment Outcomes From Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Naturalistic Study. Tanev KS, Federico LE, Greenberg MS, Orr SP, Goetter EM, Resick PA, Pitman RK. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2020 Jan 17:appineuropsych19020032. doi: 10.1176/appi.neuropsych.19020032. [Epub ahead of print]

Sex Differences in Associations Between Depression and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms and Tobacco Use Among Veterans of Recent Conflicts. Gross GM, Bastian LA, Smith NB, Harpaz-Rotem I, Hoff R. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2020 Jan 14. doi: 10.1089/jwh.2019.8082. [Epub ahead of print]

Moral injury from war and other severe trauma. Koenig HG, Al-Zaben FN. Asia Pac Psychiatry. 2020 Jan 13:e12378. doi: 10.1111/appy.12378. [Epub ahead of print]

The intersection of PTSD symptoms and firearm storage practices within a suicide prevention framework: Findings from a U.S. Army National Guard sample. Stanley IH, Anestis MD. Psychol Serv. 2020 Jan 9. doi: 10.1037/ser0000410. [Epub ahead of print]

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder's Relation with Positive and Negative Emotional Avoidance: The Moderating Role of Gender. Schick MR, Weiss NH, Contractor AA, Suazo NC, Spillane NS. Stress Health. 2020 Jan 9. doi: 10.1002/smi.2920. [Epub ahead of print]

Understanding the impact of complicated grief on combat related posttraumatic stress disorder, guilt, suicide, and functional impairment in a clinical trial of post-9/11 service members and veterans. Simon NM, Hoeppner SS, Lubin RE, Robinaugh DJ, Malgaroli M, Norman SB, Acierno R, Goetter EM, Hellberg SN, Charney ME, Bui E, Baker AW, Smith E, Kim HM, Rauch SAM. Depress Anxiety. 2020 Jan;37(1):63-72. doi: 10.1002/da.22911.

Video to Home Delivery of Evidence-Based Psychotherapy to Veterans With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Boykin DM, Keegan F, Thompson KE, Voelkel E, Lindsay JA, Fletcher TL. Front Psychiatry. 2019 Dec 6;10:893. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00893. eCollection 2019.

When to Change the Treatment Plan: An Analysis of Diminishing Returns in VA Patients Undergoing Prolonged Exposure and Cognitive Processing Therapy. Sripada RK, Ready DJ, Ganoczy D, Astin MC, Rauch SAM. Behav Ther. 2020 Jan;51(1):85-98. doi: 10.1016/j.beth.2019.05.003. Epub 2019 May 18.

Alcohol misuse to down-regulate positive emotions: A cross-sectional multiple mediator analysis among US military veterans. Weiss NH, Forkus SR, Raudales AM, Schick MR, Contractor AA. Addict Behav. 2020 Jan 18;105:106322. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106322. [Epub ahead of print]

Acceptability of an adjunct equine-assisted activities and therapies program for veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder and/or traumatic brain injury. Sylvia L, West E, Blackburn AM, Gupta C, Bui E, Mahoney T, Duncan G, Wright EC, Lejeune S, Spencer TJ.
J Integr Med. 2020 Jan 21. pii: S2095-4964(20)30006-6. doi: 10.1016/j.joim.2020.01.005. [Epub ahead of print]

First-line Psychotherapies for Military-Related PTSD. Steenkamp MM, Litz BT, Marmar CR. JAMA. 2020 Jan 30. doi: 10.1001/jama.2019.20825. [Epub ahead of print] No abstract available.

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Traumatic Brain Injury, Sleep, and Performance in Military Personnel. Moore BA, Brock MS, Brager A, Collen J, LoPresti M, Mysliwiec V.
Sleep Med Clin. 2020 Mar;15(1):87-100. doi: 10.1016/j.jsmc.2019.11.004. Epub 2020 Jan 8. Review.

Traumatic Childhood Experiences and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among Veterans in Substance Use Disorder Treatment. Young LB, Timko C, Pulido RD, Tyler KA, Beaumont C, Grant KM. J Interpers Violence. 2020 Jan 26:886260519900937. doi: 10.1177/0886260519900937. [Epub ahead of print]

Military Service and Military Health Care Coverage are Associated with Reduced Racial Disparities in Time to Mental Health Treatment Initiation. Goldberg SB, Fortney JC, Chen JA, Young BA, Lehavot K, Simpson TL. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2020 Jan 27. doi: 10.1007/s10488-020-01017-2. [Epub ahead of print]

Posttraumatic stress disorder and risk of selected autoimmune diseases among US military personnel. Bookwalter DB, Roenfeldt KA, LeardMann CA, Kong SY, Riddle MS, Rull RP. BMC Psychiatry. 2020 Jan 15;20(1):23. doi: 10.1186/s12888-020-2432-9.

Comparing the effectiveness of VA residential PTSD treatment for veterans who do and do not report a history of MST: A national investigation. Holliday R, Smith NB, Holder N, Gross GM, Monteith LL, Maguen S, Hoff RA, Harpaz-Rotem I. J Psychiatr Res. 2019 Dec 20;122:42-47. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2019.12.012. [Epub ahead of print]

Study finds that women with posttraumatic stress disorder have an increased risk of ovarian cancer. Printz C. Cancer. 2020 Feb 1;126(3):468-469. doi: 10.1002/cncr.32706. No abstract available.

Posttraumatic stress disorder and risk of selected autoimmune diseases among US military personnel. Bookwalter DB, Roenfeldt KA, LeardMann CA, Kong SY, Riddle MS, Rull RP. BMC Psychiatry. 2020 Jan 15;20(1):23. doi: 10.1186/s12888-020-2432-9.

Courses of suicidal ideation among military veterans in residential treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder. Smith NB, Sippel LM, Rozek DC, Spangler PT, Traber D, Straud CL, Hoff R, Harpaz-Rotem I. Depress Anxiety. 2020 Jan 17. doi: 10.1002/da.22993. [Epub ahead of print]

Baseline Cognitive Performance and Treatment Outcomes From Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Naturalistic Study. Tanev KS, Federico LE, Greenberg MS, Orr SP, Goetter EM, Resick PA, Pitman RK. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2020 Jan 17:appineuropsych19020032. doi: 10.1176/appi.neuropsych.19020032. [Epub ahead of print]

Sex Differences in Associations Between Depression and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms and Tobacco Use Among Veterans of Recent Conflicts. Gross GM, Bastian LA, Smith NB, Harpaz-Rotem I, Hoff R. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2020 Jan 14. doi: 10.1089/jwh.2019.8082. [Epub ahead of print]

Moral injury from war and other severe trauma. Koenig HG, Al-Zaben FN. Asia Pac Psychiatry. 2020 Jan 13:e12378. doi: 10.1111/appy.12378. [Epub ahead of print]

The intersection of PTSD symptoms and firearm storage practices within a suicide prevention framework: Findings from a U.S. Army National Guard sample. Stanley IH, Anestis MD. Psychol Serv. 2020 Jan 9. doi: 10.1037/ser0000410. [Epub ahead of print]

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder's Relation with Positive and Negative Emotional Avoidance: The Moderating Role of Gender. Schick MR, Weiss NH, Contractor AA, Suazo NC, Spillane NS. Stress Health. 2020 Jan 9. doi: 10.1002/smi.2920. [Epub ahead of print]

Understanding the impact of complicated grief on combat related posttraumatic stress disorder, guilt, suicide, and functional impairment in a clinical trial of post-9/11 service members and veterans. Simon NM, Hoeppner SS, Lubin RE, Robinaugh DJ, Malgaroli M, Norman SB, Acierno R, Goetter EM, Hellberg SN, Charney ME, Bui E, Baker AW, Smith E, Kim HM, Rauch SAM. Depress Anxiety. 2020 Jan;37(1):63-72. doi: 10.1002/da.22911.

Video to Home Delivery of Evidence-Based Psychotherapy to Veterans With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Boykin DM, Keegan F, Thompson KE, Voelkel E, Lindsay JA, Fletcher TL. Front Psychiatry. 2019 Dec 6;10:893. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00893. eCollection 2019.

Articles from the National Center for PTSD:
Epidemiology of PTSD
Complex PTSD
PTSD History and Overview
Anniversary Reactions: Research Findings
Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms among Older Adults: A Review
Research on Women, Trauma and PTSD
PTSD Assessment and Treatment in Older Adults
Partners of Veterans with PTSD: Research Findings

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PTSD Family Coach app – support and tools for those living with someone who has PTSD

Rural Provider PTSD Toolkit: This toolkit compiles information and resources to help the rural health care provider. By recognizing the benefits and barriers of rural care provision, providers can improve the lives of rural Veterans with PTSD by reducing obstacles to effective treatments and improving care coordination between Veterans Affairs (VA) and community services. Learn how to access tools that optimize PTSD care, support your patients, and help you manage your own self-care.

CLINICAL PRACTICE GUIDELINES for the Treatment of PTSD - American Psychological Association 2017

International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies: Assessing Trauma: Resources for clinicians, including test materials, treatment manuals and other assessment resources, focused on PTSD assessment and treatment.

National Institute of Health Resources on PTSD

National Alliance on Mental Health (NAMI) Resources on PTSD: If you, a family member or friend are experiencing symptoms of PTSD, NAMI provides support and information about community resources for you and your family.

The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA): SAMHA is the agency within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services that leads public health efforts to advance the behavioral health of the nation. SAMHSA's mission is to reduce the impact of substance abuse and mental illness on America's communities.

HelpGuide is a nonprofit mental health and wellness website. Their mission is to provide empowering, evidence-based information that you can use to help yourself and your loved ones

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