Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) - VA Homeless Programs
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Intimate Partner Violence (IPV)

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Intimate Partner Violence (IPV)

Do you feel like you're walking on eggshells around your partner? If so, it may be a sign of relationship abuse. Speak with an Advocate to learn more. Call 1-800-799-7233 or 1-800-787-3224 (TTY)

battered womanWhat is Intimate Partner Violence?

Intimate partner violence (IPV), also sometimes called domestic violence (DV), is violence or abuse that occurs in a sexual or romantic relationship. The term "intimate partner" includes current and former spouses and dating partners. IPV can vary in frequency and severity and occurs on a continuum, ranging from one episode that might or might not have lasting impact, to chronic and severe episodes over a period of years. IPV includes four types of behavior:

  • Physical violence is when a person hurts or tries to hurt a partner by hitting, kicking, or using another type of physical force, or weapons.
  • Sexual violence is forcing or attempting to force a partner to take part in a sex act, sexual touching, or a non-physical sexual event (e.g., sexting) when the partner does not or cannot consent.
  • Stalking is a pattern of repeated, unwanted attention and contact by a partner that causes fear or concern for one's own safety or the safety of someone close to the victim.
  • Psychological aggression is the use of verbal and non-verbal communication with the intent to harm another person mentally or emotionally and/or exert control over another person.

IPV can also include behaviors such as controlling one's access to money, employment, or other economic resources (sometimes called economic abuse) as well as abuse related to sexual and reproductive health and choices, including interfering with access to or use of birth control; this may be referred to as reproductive coercion.
Coercive control is a term that refers to using tactics (which may include any of the above behaviors) to control another person's independence or freedom. Some forms of violence against partners occur as a means of self-defense or retaliation, in response to violence or abuse, or in an act of frustration or anger, but are not intended to establish control over the other person. In other cases, behaviors may be used to establish and maintain coercive control – often through threats and fear.
Several types of IPV can occur together. IPV is associated with several risk and protective factors. It is connected to other forms of violence and causes serious health and economic consequences. By using a public health approach that addresses risk and protective factors for multiple types of violence, IPV and other forms of violence can be prevented.

FACTS:

  • IPV affects more than 12 million people each year.
  • Nearly half of all women and men in the United States have experienced psychological aggression by an intimate partner in their lifetime (48.4% and 48.8%, respectively).
  • Nearly, 15% of women (14.8%) and 4% of men have been injured as a result of IPV that included rape, physical violence and/or stalking by an intimate partner in their lifetime.
  • 1 in 4 women (24.3%) and 1 in 7 men (13.8%) aged 18 and older in the United States have been the victim of severe physical violence by an intimate partner in their lifetime.

The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS)For more information on IPV data visit The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS)

General Domestic Violence Hotline Information

General Domestic Violence Hotline Information

Personal Safety Plan

Personal Safety Plan

Women's Health Brochure on IPV

Women's Health Brochure on IPV

Can an abusive partner change?

Can an abusive partner change?

Are you hurting your partner?

Are you hurting your partner?

Power and Control Wheel

Power and Control Wheel

LGBT Power & Control Wheel

LGBT Power & Control Wheel

Measuring Intimate Partner Violence Victimization and Perpetration: A Compendium of Assessment Tools

Measuring Intimate Partner Violence Victimization and Perpetration: A Compendium of Assessment Tools

This compendium provides researchers and prevention specialists with a compilation of tools designed to measure victimization from and perpetration of Intimate Partner Violence.

Preventing Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence: Program Activities Guide [8.38 MB, 8 Pages, 508]

Preventing Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence: Program Activities Guide [8.38 MB, 8 Pages, 508]

The guide describes CDC's public health activities and research related to intimate partner and sexual violence. The guide outlines four categories of activities which are essential to CDC's prevention work: tracking the problem, developing and evaluating prevention strategies, supporting and enhancing prevention programs, and providing prevention resources.

Download

Getting Routine Intimate Partner Violence Screening Right: Implementation Strategies used in VHA Primary Care

thumbnail: Getting Routine Intimate Partner Violence Screening Right

Formas en las que la mujer experimenta el abuso doméstico

Formas en las que la mujer experimenta el abuso doméstico

Posttraumatic stress as a moderator of the association between HPA-axis functioning and alcohol use disorder among a community sample of women currently experiencing intimate partner violence. Goldstein SC, Schick MR, Weyandt LL, Sullivan TP, Saint-Eloi Cadely H, Weiss NH. Exp Clin Psychopharmacol. 2022 Feb 3. doi: 10.1037/pha0000543. Epub ahead of print.

Longitudinal Analysis of Persistent Postconcussion Symptoms, Probable TBI, and Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration Among Veterans. Portnoy GA, Relyea MR, Presseau C, Orazietti S, Martino S, Brandt CA, Haskell SG. J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2022 Jan-Feb 01;37(1):34-42. doi: 10.1097/HTR.0000000000000759.

The role of general self-efficacy in intimate partner violence and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder among women Veterans. Webermann AR, Dardis CM, Iverson KM. J Trauma Stress. 2022 Jan 31. doi: 10.1002/jts.22794. Epub ahead of print.

A Trauma-Informed Approach to Assessment, Case Conceptualization, and Treatment Planning for Youth Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence. Grasso DJ. J Health Serv Psychol. 2022 Jan 28:1-9. doi: 10.1007/s42843-021-00053-2. Epub ahead of print.

Survivors' Input on Health Care-Connected Services for Intimate Partner Violence. Dichter ME, Ogden SN, Tuepker A, Iverson KM, True G. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2021 Dec;30(12):1744-1750. doi: 10.1089/jwh.2020.8585. Epub 2021 Jan 8.

Assessing Institutional Betrayal among Female Veterans Who Experienced Military Sexual Trauma: A Rasch Analysis of the Institutional Betrayal Questionnaire.2. Monteith LL, Schneider AL, Holliday R, Bahraini NH. J Interpers Violence. 2021 Dec;36(23-24):10861-10883. doi: 10.1177/0886260520983959. Epub 2021 Jan 6.

An Examination of Stalking Experiences During Military Service Among Female and Male Veterans and Associations with PTSD and Depression. Lucas CL, Cederbaum JA, Kintzle S, Castro CA. J Interpers Violence. 2021 Nov;36(21-22):NP11894-NP11915. doi: 10.1177/0886260519889944. Epub 2019 Dec 2.

Advancing our Understanding of the Intersection Between Emotion Regulation and Alcohol and Drug Use Problems: Dyadic Analysis in Couples with Intimate Partner Violence and Alcohol Use Disorder. Weiss NH, Hogan J, Brem M, Massa AA, Kirby CM, Flanagan JC. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2021 Nov 1;228:109066. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2021.109066. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Strides Toward Recovery from Intimate Partner Violence: Elucidating Patient-Centered Outcomes to Optimize a Brief Counseling Intervention for Women. Grillo AR, Danitz SB, Dichter ME, Driscoll MA, Gerber MR, Hamilton AB, Wiltsey-Stirman S, Iverson KM. J Interpers Violence. 2021 Aug;36(15-16):NP8431-NP8453. doi: 10.1177/0886260519840408

Intimate partner violence in female same-gender couples: An investigation of actor-partner correlates within the past year. Do QA, Knopp K, Scott SB. Psychol Trauma. 2021 May 6. doi: 10.1037/tra0001041

Disparities in potential years of life lost due to intimate partner violence: Data from 16 states for 2006-2015. Graham LM, Ranapurwala SI, Zimmer C, Macy RJ, Rizo CF, Lanier P, Martin SL. PLoS One. 2021 Feb 17;16(2):e0246477. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0246477

Racial Disparities in Sexual Assault Characteristics and Mental Health Care After Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Exams. Mosley EA, Prince JR, McKee GB, Carter SE, Leone RM, Gill-Hopple K, Gilmore AK. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2021 Apr 27. doi: 10.1089/jwh.2020.893

A global collaboration to study intimate partner violence-related head trauma: The ENIGMA consortium IPV working group. Esopenko C, et al. Brain Imaging Behav. 2021 Apr;15(2):475-503. doi: 10.1007/s11682-020-00417-0

Getting Routine Intimate Partner Violence Screening Right: Implementation Strategies Used in Veterans Health Administration (VHA) Primary Care. Adjognon OL, Brady JE, Gerber MR, Dichter ME, Grillo AR, Hamilton AB, Stirman SW, Iverson KM. J Am Board Fam Med. 2021 Mar-Apr;34(2):346-356. doi: 10.3122/jabfm.2021.02.200311

Does Strength at Home for Couples Prevent Sexual Aggression in Returning Veterans? Examining Randomized Controlled Trial Findings. Taft CT, Gallagher MW, Hoffmann A, Cole HE, Creech SK. Psychol Trauma. 2021 Mar 18. doi: 10.1037/tra0001034

Nonfatal use of firearms in intimate partner violence: Results of a national survey. Adhia A, Lyons VH, Moe CA, Rowhani-Rahbar A, Rivara FP. Prev Med. 2021 Mar 2:106500. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2021.106500

Interpersonal Violence Throughout the Lifespan: Associations With Suicidal Ideation and Suicide Attempt Among a National Sample of Female Veterans. Holliday R, Forster JE, Schneider AL, Miller C, Monteith LL. Med Care. 2021 Feb 1;59:S77-S83. doi: 10.1097/MLR.0000000000001447

Intimate Partner Violence Among Pregnant Veterans: Prevalence, Associated Mental Health Conditions, and Health Care Utilization. Creech SK, Pulverman CS, Kroll-Desrosiers A, Kinney R, Dichter ME, Mattocks K. J Gen Intern Med. 2021 Jan 19. doi: 10.1007/s11606-020-06498-3

Survivors' Input on Health Care-Connected Services for Intimate Partner Violence. Dichter ME, Ogden SN, Tuepker A, Iverson KM, True G. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2021 Jan 8. doi: 10.1089/jwh.2020.8585

The intersection of interpersonal violence and housing instability: Perspectives from women veterans. Yu B, Montgomery AE, True G, Cusack M, Sorrentino A, Chhabra M, Dichter ME. Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2020;90(1):63-69. doi: 10.1037/ort0000379

Deployment Experiences and Suicidal Behaviors Related to Interpersonal Violence Perpetration Among Army National Guard Soldiers.
Griffith J, J Bryan C. Violence Vict. 2020 Dec 1;35(6):841-860. doi: 10.1891/VV-D-18-00174

A Multisite Quality Improvement Initiative to Enhance the Adoption of Screening Practices for Intimate Partner Violence Into Routine Primary Care for Women Veterans. Portnoy GA, Iverson KM, Haskell SG, Czarnogorski M, Gerber MR. Public Health Rep. 2020 Nov 18:33354920966022. doi: 10.1177/0033354920966022

Intimate Partner Violence in Transgender Populations: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Prevalence and Correlates. Peitzmeier SM, Malik M, Kattari SK, Marrow E, Stephenson R, Agénor M, Reisner SL. Am J Public Health. 2020 Sep;110(9):e1-e14. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2020.305774

Multicenter Validation of an Emergency Department-Based Screening Tool to Identify Elder Abuse. Platts-Mills TF, et al. Ann Emerg Med. 2020 Sep;76(3):280-290. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2020.07.005

Patient and provider barriers, facilitators, and implementation preferences of intimate partner violence perpetration screening. Portnoy GA, Colon R, Gross GM, Adams LJ, Bastian LA, Iverson KM. BMC Health Serv Res. 2020 Aug 13;20(1):746. doi: 10.1186/s12913-020-05595-7.

The Roles of Alcohol Use Severity and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms as Risk Factors for Women's Intimate Partner Violence Experiences. Mahoney CT, Iverson KM. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2020 Jun;29(6):827-836. doi: 10.1089/jwh.2019.7944

Intimate Partner Violence Among Female OEF/OIF/OND Veterans Who Were Evaluated for Traumatic Brain Injury in the Veterans Health Administration: A Preliminary Investigation. Iverson KM, Sayer NA, Meterko M, Stolzmann K, Suri P, Gormley K, Nealon Seibert M, Yan K, Pogoda TK. J Interpers Violence. 2020 Jul;35(13-14):2422-2445. doi: 10.1177/0886260517702491. Epub 2017 Apr 18.J Interpers Violence. 2020. PMID: 29294714

The relationship between housing instability and intimate partner violence: A retrospective study. R Wilson P, J Thorpe R Jr, Sharps P, Laughon K. Public Health Nurs. 2020 Oct 11. doi: 10.1111/phn.12819

Intimate Partner Violence Predicts Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Severity Independent of Early Life and Deployment-Related Trauma in Deployed Men and Women Veterans. Pierce ME, Fortier C, Fonda JR, Milberg W, McGlinchey R. J Interpers Violence. 2020 Jul 13:886260520938514. doi: 10.1177/0886260520938514.

Association of Health Conditions and Health Service Utilization With Intimate Partner Violence Identified via Routine Screening Among Middle-Aged and Older Women. Makaroun LK, Brignone E, Rosland AM, Dichter ME. JAMA Netw Open. 2020 Apr 1;3(4):e203138. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.3138

Invisibility Is Not Invincibility: The Impact of Intimate Partner Violence on Gay, Bisexual, and Straight Men's Mental Health. Dickerson-Amaya N, et al. Am J Mens Health. 2019. PMID: 31092110 Free PMC article

Trying Times and Trying Out Solutions: Intimate Partner Violence Screening and Support for Women Veterans During COVID-19. Rossi FS, Shankar M, Buckholdt K, Bailey Y, Israni ST, Iverson KM.Rossi FS, et al. J Gen Intern Med. 2020 Jun 30:1-4. doi: 10.1007/s11606-020-05990-0.

Middle-aged Women's Experiences of Intimate Partner Violence Screening and Disclosure: "It's a private matter. It's an embarrassing situation". Dichter ME, Makaroun L, Tuepker A, True G, Montgomery AE, Iverson K.Dichter ME, et al. J Gen Intern Med. 2020 Jun 8. doi: 10.1007/s11606-020-05947-3. Online ahead of print

Prevalence and clinical correlates of intimate partner violence (IPV) in women with severe mental illness (SMI). Nair S, A Satyanarayana V, Desai G. Asian J Psychiatr. 2020 Apr 28;52:102131. doi: 10.1016/j.ajp.2020.102131. [Epub ahead of print]

Assessing the Veterans Health Administration's response to intimate partner violence among women: protocol for a randomized hybrid type 2 implementation-effectiveness trial. Iverson KM, Dichter ME, Stolzmann K, Adjognon OL, Lew RA, Bruce LE, Gerber MR, Portnoy GA, Miller CJ. Implement Sci. 2020 May 7;15(1):29. doi: 10.1186/s13012-020-0969-0

Policy Roles in Promoting Affordable Housing for Survivors of Intimate Partner Violence. Keefe R, Hahn SA. Violence Against Women. 2020 Apr 27:1077801220913629. doi: 10.1177/1077801220913629. [Epub ahead of print]

Association of Health Conditions and Health Service Utilization With Intimate Partner Violence Identified via Routine Screening Among Middle-Aged and Older Women. Makaroun LK, Brignone E, Rosland AM, Dichter ME. JAMA Netw Open. 2020 Apr 1;3(4):e203138. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.3138.

Military Cohorts, Substance Use, and Male-Perpetrated Intimate Partner Violence.
 
Cancio R. Violence Against Women. 2020 Jan 13:1077801219893475. doi: 10.1177/1077801219893475. [Epub ahead of print]

Pre-exposure Prophylaxis Use Among Men Who Have Sex with Men Experiencing Partner Violence. Braksmajer A, Walters SM, Crean HF, Stephenson R, McMahon JM. AIDS Behav. 2020 Jan 18. doi: 10.1007/s10461-020-02789-2. [Epub ahead of print]

Evaluation of Resistance to Violence in Intimate Relationships: Initial Development and Validation. Melendez-Rhodes T, Košutić I. Violence Against Women. 2020 Jan 17:1077801219895330. doi: 10.1177/1077801219895330. [Epub ahead of print]

Gay, Bisexual, and Queer Men's Attitudes and Understandings of Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Assault. Salter M, Robinson K, Ullman J, Denson N, Ovenden G, Noonan K, Bansel P, Huppatz K. J Interpers Violence. 2020 Jan 16:886260519898433. doi: 10.1177/0886260519898433. [Epub ahead of print]

Associations between disordered eating and intimate partner violence mediated by depression and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in a female Veteran sample. Huston JC, Grillo AR, Iverson KM, Mitchell KS; VA Boston Healthcare System. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2019 May - Jun;58:77-82. doi: 10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2019.03.007. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

The Effect of Intimate Partner Violence and Probable Traumatic Brain Injury on Mental Health Outcomes for Black Women.
Cimino AN, Yi G, Patch M, Alter Y, Campbell JC, Gundersen KK, Tang JT, Tsuyuki K, Stockman JK. J Aggress Maltreat Trauma. 2019;28(6):714-731. doi: 10.1080/10926771.2019.1587657. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

To Stay or to Leave: Factors Influencing Victims' Decisions to Stay or Leave a Domestic Violence Emergency Shelter. Fisher EM, et al. J Interpers Violence. 2019. PMID: 27129731

Peterson C, Liu Y, Merrick M, Basile KC, Simon TR. (2019). Lifetime number of perpetrators and victim-offender relationship status per U.S. victim of intimate partner, sexual violence, or stalking. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.

Unlocking the Door to Safety and Stability: Housing Barriers for Survivors of Intimate Partner Violence. Gezinski LB, Gonzalez-Pons KM., J Interpers Violence. 2019 May 25:886260519851792. doi: 10.1177/0886260519851792. [Epub ahead of print]

Housing Interventions for Intimate Partner Violence Survivors: A Systematic Review. Klein LB, Chesworth BR, Howland-Myers JR, Rizo CF, Macy RJ., Trauma Violence Abuse. 2019 Mar 26:1524838019836284. doi: 10.1177/1524838019836284. [Epub ahead of print]

Suicidal ideation and behaviors among women veterans with recent exposure to intimate partner violence.Brignone E, Sorrentino AE, Roberts CB, Dichter ME.Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2018 Nov - Dec;55:60-64. doi: 10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2018.10.006. Epub 2018 Oct 23. Review.

Screening for Intimate Partner Violence, Elder Abuse, and Abuse of Vulnerable Adults: US Preventive Services Task Force Final Recommendation Statement. US Preventive Services Task Force, Curry SJ, Krist AH, Owens DK, Barry MJ, Caughey AB, Davidson KW, Doubeni CA, Epling JW Jr, Grossman DC, Kemper AR, Kubik M, Kurth A, Landefeld CS, Mangione CM, Silverstein M, Simon MA, Tseng CW, Wong JB. JAMA. 2018 Oct 23;320(16):1678-1687. doi: 10.1001/jama.2018.14741.

Coercive Control in Intimate Partner Violence: Relationship with Women's Experience of Violence, Use of Violence, and Danger. Dichter ME, Thomas KA, Crits-Christoph P, Ogden SN, Rhodes KV. Psychol Violence. 2018 Sep;8(5):596-604. doi: 10.1037/vio0000158. Epub 2018 Jan 11.

Recent Intimate Partner Violence and Housing Instability Among Women Veterans. Montgomery AE, Sorrentino AE, Cusack MC, Bellamy SL, Medvedeva E, Roberts CB, Dichter ME. Am J Prev Med. 2018 Apr;54(4):584-590. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2018.01.020. Epub 2018 Feb 9.

Women Veterans' Experiences of Intimate Partner Violence and Non-Partner Sexual Assault in the Context of Military Service: Implications for Supporting Women's Health and Well-Being. Dichter ME, Wagner C, True G. J Interpers Violence. 2018 Mar;33(6):843-864. doi: 10.1177/0886260516669166. Epub 2016 Sep 20.

Disproportionate Mental Health Burden Associated With Past-Year Intimate Partner Violence Among Women Receiving Care in the Veterans Health Administration. Dichter ME, Sorrentino A, Bellamy S, Medvedeva E, Roberts CB, Iverson KM. J Trauma Stress. 2017 Dec;30(6):555-563. doi: 10.1002/jts.22241. Epub 2017 Nov 28.

Systematic review of mental health disorders and intimate partner violence victimisation among military populations. Sparrow K, Kwan J, Howard L, Fear N, MacManus D. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2017 Sep;52(9):1059-1080. doi: 10.1007/s00127-017-1423-8. Epub 2017 Jul 26.

Intimate Partner Violence Victimization and Associated Implications for Health and Functioning Among Male and Female Post-9/11 Veterans. Iverson KM, Vogt D, Maskin RM, Smith BN. Med Care. 2017 Sep;55 Suppl 9 Suppl 2:S78-S84. doi: 10.1097/MLR.0000000000000741.

The Role of PTSD in Bi-directional Intimate Partner Violence in Military and Veteran Populations: A Research Review. Misca G, Forgey MA. Front Psychol. 2017 Aug 15;8:1394. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01394. eCollection 2017. Review.

Intimate partner stalking: Contributions to PTSD symptomatology among a national sample of women veterans. Dardis CM, Amoroso T, Iverson KM. Psychol Trauma. 2017 Aug;9(Suppl 1):67-73. doi: 10.1037/tra0000171. Epub 2016 Jul 14.

Intimate partner violence among women veterans by sexual orientation. Dardis CM, Shipherd JC, Iverson KM. Women Health. 2017 Aug;57(7):775-791. doi: 10.1080/03630242.2016.1202884. Epub 2016 Jun 20.

Intimate Partner Violence Screening in the Veterans Health Administration: Demographic and Military Service Characteristics. Dichter ME, Haywood TN, Butler AE, Bellamy SL, Iverson KM. Am J Prev Med. 2017 Jun;52(6):761-768. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2017.01.003. Epub 2017 Feb 10.

Intimate partner violence, unhealthy alcohol use, and housing instability among women veterans in the Veterans Health Administration. Dichter ME, Wagner C, Borrero S, Broyles L, Montgomery AE. Psychol Serv. 2017 May;14(2):246-249. doi: 10.1037/ser0000132.

Intimate Partner Violence Among Female OEF/OIF/OND Veterans Who Were Evaluated for Traumatic Brain Injury in the Veterans Health Administration: A Preliminary Investigation. Iverson KM, Sayer NA, Meterko M, Stolzmann K, Suri P, Gormley K, Nealon Seibert M, Yan K, Pogoda TK. J Interpers Violence. 2017 Apr 1:886260517702491. doi: 10.1177/0886260517702491. [Epub ahead of print]

Integrated treatment options for male perpetrators of intimate partner violence. Crane CA, Easton CJ. Drug Alcohol Rev. 2017 Jan;36(1):24-33. doi: 10.1111/dar.12496. Epub 2017 Jan 21. Review.

Associations between PTSD and intimate partner and non-partner aggression among substance using veterans in specialty mental health. Buchholz KR, Bohnert KM, Sripada RK, Rauch SA, Epstein-Ngo QM, Chermack ST. Addict Behav. 2017 Jan;64:194-199. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2016.08.039. Epub 2016 Aug 31.

Male Veteran Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) Program Outcomes. Schaffer BJ. J Evid Inf Soc Work. 2016;13(2):133-41. doi: 10.1080/23761407.2015.1006943. Epub 2015 May 5.

Prevalence of Intimate Partner Violence among Women Veterans who Utilize Veterans Health Administration Primary Care. Kimerling R, Iverson KM, Dichter ME, Rodriguez AL, Wong A, Pavao J. J Gen Intern Med. 2016 Aug;31(8):888-94. doi: 10.1007/s11606-016-3701-7. Epub 2016 Apr 29.

Intimate Partner Violence and Current Mental Health Needs Among Female Veterans. Iverson KM, Vogt D, Dichter ME, Carpenter SL, Kimerling R, Street AE, Gerber MR. J Am Board Fam Med. 2015 Nov-Dec;28(6):772-6. doi: 10.3122/jabfm.2015.06.150154

Sexual intimate partner violence as a form of MST: An initial investigation. Mercado R, Foynes MM, Carpenter SL, Iverson KM. Psychol Serv. 2015 Nov;12(4):348-56. doi: 10.1037/ser0000056.

Timing of Intimate Partner Violence in Relationship to Military Service Among Women Veterans. Dichter ME, Wagner C, True G. Mil Med. 2015 Nov;180(11):1124-7. doi: 10.7205/MILMED-D-14-00582.

Intimate Partner Violence Detection and Care in the Veterans Health Administration: Patient and Provider Perspectives. Dichter ME, Wagner C, Goldberg EB, Iverson KM. Womens Health Issues. 2015 Sep-Oct;25(5):555-60. doi: 10.1016/j.whi.2015.06.006. Epub 2015 Jul 27.

Advancements in treating intimate partner violence in veterans. Van Voorhees EE, Beckham JC. J Clin Psychiatry. 2015 Jun;76(6):e826-7. doi: 10.4088/JCP.14com09556. No abstract available.

Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Reports (MMWRs):

Breiding MJ, Smith SG, Basile KC, Walters ML, Chen J, Merrick MT. Prevalence and Characteristics of Sexual Violence, Stalking, and Intimate Partner Violence Victimization in the United States—2011. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 2014; 63(SS08): 1-18.
Spivak HR, Jenkins EL, VanAudenhove K, Lee D, Kelly M, Iskander J. CDC Grand Rounds: A Public Health Approach to

Prevention of Intimate Partner Violence. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 2014; 63(02): 38-41.
Risk and Protective Factors Articles:
Capaldi DM, Knoble NB, Shortt JW, Kim HK. A systematic review of risk factors for intimate partner violence. Partner Abuse 2012;3(2):231–80.

Yakubovich AR, Stӧckl H, Murray J, Melendez-Torres GJ, Steinert JI, Glavin CE, Humphreys DK. Risk and protective factors for intimate partner violence against women: systematic review and meta-analyses of prospective-longitudinal studies. Am J Public Health. 2018;108(7):e1-e11.

Intersection of Intimate Partner Violence and HIV in Women : The association between violence against women and risk for HIV infection has been the focus of a growing number of studies. This document presents findings from those studies and CDC's work that focuses on preventing intimate partner violence before it happens while preventing new HIV infections.

Surveys

Law Enforcement & DV Survey  In 2015, The National Domestic Violence Hotline conducted a survey of domestic violence survivors and their experiences regarding law enforcement response.             

National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS) Series
Military Cohorts, Substance Use, and Male-Perpetrated Intimate Partner Violence.
Cancio R. Violence Against Women. 2020 Jan 13:1077801219893475. doi: 10.1177/1077801219893475. [Epub ahead of print]

Pre-exposure Prophylaxis Use Among Men Who Have Sex with Men Experiencing Partner Violence. Braksmajer A, Walters SM, Crean HF, Stephenson R, McMahon JM. AIDS Behav. 2020 Jan 18. doi: 10.1007/s10461-020-02789-2. [Epub ahead of print]

Evaluation of Resistance to Violence in Intimate Relationships: Initial Development and Validation. Melendez-Rhodes T, Košutić I. Violence Against Women. 2020 Jan 17:1077801219895330. doi: 10.1177/1077801219895330. [Epub ahead of print]

Gay, Bisexual, and Queer Men's Attitudes and Understandings of Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Assault. Salter M, Robinson K, Ullman J, Denson N, Ovenden G, Noonan K, Bansel P, Huppatz K. J Interpers Violence. 2020 Jan 16:886260519898433. doi: 10.1177/0886260519898433. [Epub ahead of print]

The Effect of Intimate Partner Violence and Probable Traumatic Brain Injury on Mental Health Outcomes for Black Women. Cimino AN, Yi G, Patch M, Alter Y, Campbell JC, Gundersen KK, Tang JT, Tsuyuki K, Stockman JK. J Aggress Maltreat Trauma. 2019;28(6):714-731. doi: 10.1080/10926771.2019.1587657. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Preventing Intimate Partner Violence Across the Lifespan: A Technical Package of Programs, Policies, and Practices - CDC's technical package that highlights strategies based on the best available evidence to help states and communities prevent intimate partner violence, support survivors, and lessen the short and long-term harms of intimate partner violence.

Promising Futures: Best Practices for Serving Children, Youth and Parents Experiencing Domestic Violence

VISN 9 – Universal Screening of Intimate Partner Violence and Relationship Health with Veterans Experiencing Homelessness: In partnership with VHA’s National Intimate Partner Violence Assistance Program, homeless programs throughout VISN 9 conducted a pilot to universally screen Veterans engaged in VHA homeless programs for intimate partner violence (IPV) and relationship health. This paper provides background information on IPV, an overview of the pilot’s implementation process, a review of the pilot’s outcome data, and considerations for implementation.

Violence Against Women Act: The Violence Against Women Act was the piece of legislation that made it possible for the National Domestic Violence Hotline to take its first call. Learn about VAWA throughout the years and the recent 2013 reauthorization.

The Center is not responsible for the content or privacy policies of these Web sites and linking to these sites does not constitute endorsement by the Center of the sites' sponsors or the information, products, or services they provide.

Domestic Violence Statistics

Working with Trauma Survivors: What Workers Need to Know
- Resources for Victims and Survivors of Domestic Violence

National Crisis Oragnizations and Assistance

Family Violence Prevention and Services Act
 

CDC Resources:

  • CDC's Extramural Research Program
    CDC funds universities, medical centers and other outside organizations to conduct research related to intimate partner violence prevention.
  • Dating Matters®: Strategies to Promote Healthy Teen Relationships
    CDC's teen dating violence prevention initiative seeks to reduce dating violence and increase healthy relationships.
  • DELTA Impact
    The Domestic Violence Prevention Enhancements and Leadership Through Alliances (DELTA) Impact program funds State Domestic Violence Coalitions to implement strategies and approaches designed to prevent intimate partner violence while also funding local communities to do the same.

Other Federal Resources:

Additional Online Resources:

  • Asian Pacific Institute on Gender-Based Violence
    This is a national resource center on domestic violence, sexual violence, trafficking, and other forms of gender-based violence in Asian and Pacific Islander communities.
  • Casa de Esperanza
    This organization helps to develop effective responses to domestic violence and facilitates support systems in the lives of Latinas "where they live."
  • FaithTrust Institute
    Formerly known as The Center for the Prevention of Domestic and Sexual Violence, FaithTrust Institute is an interreligious, educational resource that addresses sexual and domestic violence issues.
  • National Center for Victims of Crime (NCVC)
    NCVC is a nonprofit organization that serves victims of all types of crime, including intimate partner violence.
  • National Coalition Against Domestic Violence (NCADV)
    NCADV is a membership organization of domestic violence coalitions and service programs.
  • class="external"National Domestic Violence Hotline
    The National Domestic Violence Hotline connects individuals to help in their area by using a nationwide database that includes detailed information about domestic violence shelters, other emergency shelters, legal advocacy and assistance programs, and social service programs.
  • National Health Resource Center on Domestic Violence
    The Center has supports health care practitioners, administrators and systems, domestic violence experts, survivors, and policy makers at all levels as they improve health care's response to domestic violence.
  • National Network to End Domestic Violence (NNEDV)
    NNEDV is a membership and advocacy organization of state domestic violence coalitions and provides legislative and policy advocacy and provides training, technical assistance, and funds to domestic violence advocates through the NNEDV Fund.
  • National Resource Center on Domestic Violence (NRCDV)
    The Center is a comprehensive source of information for those wanting to educate themselves and help others on the many issues related to domestic violence. A wide range of free, comprehensive, and individualized technical assistance information, training, and resource materials can be accessed from the website.
  • National Sexual Violence Resource Center (NSVRC)
    NSVRC provides leadership in preventing and responding to sexual violence through collaborating, sharing, and creating resources and promoting research.
  • National Violence Against Women Prevention Research Center
    The Center provides information to scientists, practitioners, advocates, grassroots organizations, and any other professionals or lay persons interested in current topics related to violence against women and its prevention.
  • PreventConnect
    PreventConnect, a project of the California Coalition Against Sexual Assault, features an online public Listserv, prevention wiki, podcasts, and frequent web-based forums that provide prevention experts with a vehicle for analyzing and discussing ongoing efforts to prevent domestic and sexual violence.
  • The North West Network of Bi, Trans, Lesbian and Gay Survivors of Abuse
    The NW Network provides support for survivors and resources to prevent and respond to intimate partner violence in the gay, lesbian, transgender, and bisexual communities through education, advocacy, and organizing.
  • Prevent IPV
    The IPV Prevention Council represents a unified national effort committed to enhancing the capacity of state/territory domestic violence coalitions and community-based domestic violence programs to advance a comprehensive national prevention agenda and broaden support for its full implementation at the national, state, territory and local levels.
  • The Stalking Resource Center
    The Center advocates for stronger rights, protections and services for crime victims; provides education, training and evaluation; and serves as a trusted source of current information through collaboration with state, local, and federal partners.
  • Violence Against Women Electronic Network (VAWnet)
    VAWnet provides a collection of full-text, searchable resources on domestic violence, sexual violence, and related issues.
  • Violence Prevention Evidence Base
    This tool provides access to abstracts from published studies that have measured the effectiveness of interventions to prevent violence.
  • Workplaces Respond to Domestic and Sexual Violence: A National Resource Center
    Workplaces Respond provides resources, training, and technical assistance to employers, survivors, co-workers, and advocates to prevent and respond to domestic violence, sexual harassment and violence, trafficking, and stalking impacting the workplace.
  • World Health Organization/TEACH-VIP
    A comprehensive injury prevention and control curriculum which has been developed through the efforts of WHO and a network of global injury prevention experts.

The National Domestic Violence Hotline
Futures Without Violence
Danger Assessment
Domestic Violence Awareness Project
National Center on Domestic and Sexual Violence: The Military's Response to Domestic and Sexual Violence
DOJ Office on Violence Against Women
Futures Without Violence DV Day Toolkit

 

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