Attention A T users. To access the menus on this page please perform the following steps. 1. Please switch auto forms mode to off. 2. Hit enter to expand a main menu option (Health, Benefits, etc). 3. To enter and activate the submenu links, hit the down arrow. You will now be able to tab or arrow up or down through the submenu options to access/activate the submenu links.
Attention A T users. To access the combo box on this page please perform the following steps. 1. Press the alt key and then the down arrow. 2. Use the up and down arrows to navigate this combo box. 3. Press enter on the item you wish to view. This will take you to the page listed.
Veterans Crisis Line Badge
My healthevet badge

VA Homeless Programs





woman veteranThere are 1.9 million women Veterans, making women a significant minority amongst Veterans because they make up 9.4% of the Veteran population.

  • It is estimated that 1–2% of all women Veterans and 13–15% of women Veterans living in poverty experience homelessness over the course of a year.
  • Veteran women are more than twice as likely as non-Veteran women and over three times as likely as non-Veteran women living in poverty to experience homelessness.

Women Veterans Population Fact Sheet: (2017)

Women Veterans Population Fact Sheet: (2017)

 Women's Brochure

Cover of Women's Brochure

Women Veterans and Homelessness Homeless Evidence & Research Roundtable Series (July 2016)

Women Veterans and Homelessness  Homeless Evidence & Research Roundtable Series (July 2016)

Homeless Women Veteran Fact Sheet (2016)

omeless Women Veteran Fact Sheet (2016)

Women Veterans & Healthy Living Fact Sheet

Women Veterans & Healthy Living Fact Sheet

The role of general self-efficacy in intimate partner violence and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder among women Veterans. Webermann AR, Dardis CM, Iverson KM. J Trauma Stress. 2022 Jan 31. doi: 10.1002/jts.22794. Epub ahead of print.

Posttraumatic stress disorder symptom expression in racially and ethnically diverse women Veterans. Ceja A, Yalch MM, Maguen S. Psychiatry Res. 2022 Jan 30;309:114426. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2022.114426. Epub ahead of print.

Interventions for Women Veterans with Mental Health Care Needs: Findings from a Scoping Review. Orshak J, Alexander L, Gilmore-Bykovskyi A, Lauver D. Issues Ment Health Nurs. 2022 Jan 13:1-12. doi: 10.1080/01612840.2021.2011506. Epub ahead of print. 

Characterizing Women Veterans Receiving Seizure Care in the Veterans Affairs Healthcare System. Sullivan-Baca E, Modiano YA, Miller BI, Fadipe M, Van Cott AC, Haneef Z. Epilepsy Res. 2022 Jan 4;180:106849. doi: 10.1016/j.eplepsyres.2021.106849. Epub ahead of print. 

Women Veterans' Attrition from the VA Healthcare System. Chrystal JG, Frayne S, Dyer KE, Moreau JL, Gammage CE, Saechao F, Berg E, Washington DL, Yano EM, Hamilton AB. Womens Health Issues. 2021 Dec 28:S1049-3867(21)00186-9. doi: 10.1016/j.whi.2021.11.011. Epub ahead of print. 

The Risks, Invisibility, and Health Issues Facing Women Veterans who are Homeless. Conard PL, Keller MJ, Armstrong ML. Nurs Womens Health. 2021 Dec;25(6):471-481. doi: 10.1016/

The Magnitude and Potential Causes of Sex Disparities in Statin Therapy in Veterans with Type 2 Diabetes: A 10-year Nationwide Longitudinal Cohort Study. Buchanan CH, Brown EA, Bishu KG, Weeda E, Axon RN, Taber DJ, Gebregziabher M. Womens Health Issues. 2021 Dec 20:S1049-3867(21)00156-0. doi: 10.1016/j.whi.2021.10.003. Epub ahead of print. 

Discontinuity of Women Veterans' Care in Patient-Centered Medical Homes: Does Workforce Gender Sensitivity Matter? Than CT, Washington DL, Vogt D, Chuang E, Needleman J, Canelo I, Meredith LS, Yano EM. Womens Health Issues. 2021 Dec 17:S1049-3867(21)00183-3. doi: 10.1016/j.whi.2021.11.008. Epub ahead of print. 

Gender differences in Veterans' use of the Veterans Crisis Line (VCL): Findings from VCL call data. Dichter ME, Krishnamurti LS, Chhatre S, Hoffmire CA, Monteith LL, Bellamy SL, Iverson KM, Montgomery AE, Agha A, McCoy I. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2021 Dec 15;74:65-70. doi: 10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2021.12.006. Epub ahead of print. 

Thank You for Hearing My Voice - Listening to Women Combat Veterans in the United States and Israeli Militaries. Daphna-Tekoah S, Harel-Shalev A, Harpaz-Rotem I. Front Psychol. 2021 Dec 6;12:769123. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.769123. 

Temporal Sequencing of Mental Health Symptom Severity and Suicidal Ideation in Post-9/11 Men and Women Veterans Who Recently Separated from the Military. Lawrence KA, Vogt D, Nigam S, Dugan AJ, Slade E, Smith BN. Chronic Stress (Thousand Oaks). 2021 Nov 24;5:24705470211061347. doi: 10.1177/24705470211061347. 

Benefits of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia for Women Veterans with and without Probable Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Carlson GC, Kelly MR, Mitchell M, Josephson KR, McGowan SK, Culver NC, Kay M, Alessi CA, Fung CH, Washington DL, Hamilton A, Yano EM, Martin JL. Womens Health Issues. 2021 Nov 20:S1049-3867(21)00160-2. doi: 10.1016/j.whi.2021.10.007. Epub ahead of print. 

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder in Older U.S. Military Veterans: Prevalence, Characteristics, and Psychiatric and Functional Burden. Moye J, Kaiser AP, Cook J, Pietrzak RH. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2021 Oct 30:S1064-7481(21)00520-0. doi: 10.1016/j.jagp.2021.10.011. Epub ahead of print. 

An Examination of Stalking Experiences During Military Service Among Female and Male Veterans and Associations with PTSD and Depression. Lucas CL, Cederbaum JA, Kintzle S, Castro CA. J Interpers Violence. 2021 Nov;36(21-22):NP11894-NP11915. doi: 10.1177/0886260519889944. Epub 2019 Dec 2.

The Impact of Sexual Trauma on the Sexual Health of Women Veterans: A Comprehensive Review. Pulverman CS, Creech SK. Trauma Violence Abuse. 2021 Oct;22(4):656-671. doi: 10.1177/1524838019870912. Epub 2019 Aug 22. 

Patient-Centered Behavioral Services for Women Veterans with Mental Health Conditions. Pebole MM, VanVoorhees EE, Chaudhry N, Goldstein KM, Thompson J, Parker R, Caron KM, Hall KS. Transl Behav Med. 2021 Jun 3:ibab057. doi: 10.1093/tbm/ibab05

Institutional Betrayal and Help-Seeking among Women Survivors of Military Sexual Trauma. Monteith LL, Holliday R, Schneider AL, Miller CN, Bahraini NH, Forster JE. Psychol Trauma. 2021 Oct;13(7):814-823. doi: 10.1037/tra0001027. Epub 2021 Mar 25. 

Mobilizing Embedded Research and Operations Partnerships to Address Harassment of Women Veterans at VA medical facilities. Dyer KE, Hamilton AB, Yano EM, Moreau JL, Frayne SM, Carney DV, Golden RE, Klap R. Healthc (Amst). 2021 Jun;8 Suppl 1:100513. doi: 10.1016/j.hjdsi.2020.100513. Epub 2021 Jan 26.

Clinical Complexity in Women Veterans: A Systematic Review of the Recent Evidence on Mental Health and Physical Health Comorbidities. Creech SK, Pulverman CS, Crawford JN, Holliday R, Monteith LL, Lehavot K, Olson-Madden J, Kelly UA. Behav Med. 2021 Jan-Mar;47(1):69-87. doi: 10.1080/08964289.2019.1644283. Epub 2019 Aug 12. 

An Examination of the Association Between Patient Experience and Quality of Mental Health Care Among Women Veterans. Rossi FS, Javier SJ, Kimerling R. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2021 Jan;48(1):61-69. doi: 10.1007/s10488-020-01046-x. 

"We Really Need This": Trauma-Informed Yoga for Veteran Women with a history of Military Sexual Trauma. Braun TD, Uebelacker LA, Ward M, Holzhauer CG, McCallister K, Abrantes A. Complement Ther Med. 2021 May 6:102729. doi: 10.1016/j.ctim.2021.102729

Psychosocial Risk Factors for Transitions Into Housing Instability Among Women Veterans. Mulcahy E, Szymkowiak D, Montgomery AE. J Am Board Fam Med. 2021 Mar-Apr;34(2):387-391. doi: 10.3122/jabfm.2021.02.200333

Differences in functional and structural social support among female and male Veterans and civilians. Campbell SB, Gray KE, Hoerster KD, Fortney JC, Simpson TL. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2021 Mar;56(3):375-386. doi: 10.1007/s00127-020-01862-4

Trauma-Sensitive Yoga for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Women Veterans who Experienced Military Sexual Trauma: Interim Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial. Kelly U, Haywood T, Segell E, Higgins M. J Altern Complement Med. 2021 Mar;27(S1):S45-S59. doi: 10.1089/acm.2020.0417

Institutional Betrayal and Help-Seeking among Women Survivors of Military Sexual Trauma. Monteith LL, Holliday R, Schneider AL, Miller CN, Bahraini NH, Forster JE. Psychol Trauma. 2021 Mar 25. doi: 10.1037/tra0001027

Sleep apnea in women Veterans: results of a national survey of VA health care users. Martin JL, Carlson G, Kelly M, Fung CH, Song Y, Mitchell MN, Zeidler MR, Josephson KR, Badr MS, Zhu R, Alessi CA, Washington DL, Yano EM. J Clin Sleep Med. 2021 Mar 1;17(3):555-565. doi: 10.5664/jcsm.8956

The Problem of Veteran Homelessness: An Update for the New Decade. Tsai J, Pietrzak RH, Szymkowiak D. Am J Prev Med. 2021 Feb 11:S0749-3797(21)00066-0. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2020.12.012

Risk and protective factors associated with mental health among female military veterans: results from the veterans' health study. Adams RE, et al. BMC Womens Health. 2021 Feb 8;21(1):55. doi: 10.1186/s12905-021-01181-z

Female Veterans' Willingness to Seek Veterans Health Administration and Non-Veterans Health Administration Services for Suicidal Thoughts and Mental Health Concerns. Monteith LL, Holliday R, Hoffmire CA, Bahraini NH. Med Care. 2021 Feb 1;59:S23-S30. doi: 10.1097/MLR.0000000000001480

Gender Differences in the Predictors of Suicide-related Morbidity Among Veterans Reporting Current Housing Instability. Montgomery AE, Dichter ME, Blosnich JR. Med Care. 2021 Feb 1;59:S36-S41. doi: 10.1097/MLR.0000000000001422

Interpersonal Violence Throughout the Lifespan: Associations With Suicidal Ideation and Suicide Attempt Among a National Sample of Female Veterans. Holliday R, Forster JE, Schneider AL, Miller C, Monteith LL. Med Care. 2021 Feb 1;59:S77-S83. doi: 10.1097/MLR.0000000000001447

Gender Differences in Lifetime Prevalence and Onset Timing of Suicidal Ideation and Suicide Attempt Among Post-9/11 Veterans and Nonveterans. Hoffmire CA, Monteith LM, Forster JE, Bernhard PA, Blosnich JR, Vogt D, Maguen S, Smith AA, Schneiderman AI. Med Care. 2021 Feb 1;59:S84-S91. doi: 10.1097/MLR.0000000000001431

Assessment of Suicidal Intent in Self-directed Violence and Subsequent Care Received Among Military Veterans: A National Study of Gender Differences. Chen JI, Cameron DC, Laliberte AZ, Hooker ER, Niederhausen M, Denneson LM. Med Care. 2021 Feb 1;59:S17-S22. doi: 10.1097/MLR.0000000000001455

Medical Care Journal Special Supplement Women Veterans and Suicide (February 2021)

Mental Health and Psychosocial Functioning in Recently Separated U.S. Women Veterans: Trajectories and Bi-Directional Relationships. Lawrence KA, Vogt D, Dugan AJ, Nigam S, Slade E, Smith BN. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Jan 22;18(3):935. doi: 10.3390/ijerph18030935

"A Woman in A Man's World": A Pilot Qualitative Study of Challenges Faced by Women Veterans During and After Deployment. Brown EK M PH, MA, Guthrie KM PhD, Stange M, Creech S. J Trauma Dissociation. 2021 Jan 20:1-18. doi: 10.1080/15299732.2020.1869068

Intimate Partner Violence Among Pregnant Veterans: Prevalence, Associated Mental Health Conditions, and Health Care Utilization. Creech SK, Pulverman CS, Kroll-Desrosiers A, Kinney R, Dichter ME, Mattocks K. J Gen Intern Med. 2021 Jan 19. doi: 10.1007/s11606-020-06498-3

A Factor Analysis of the Suicide Cognitions Scale in Veterans with Military Sexual Trauma-Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Wiblin J, Holder N, Holliday R, Jeon-Slaughter H, LePage J, Surís A. J Trauma Dissociation. 2021 Jan 18:1-13. doi: 10.1080/15299732.2020.1869643

Interpersonal Trauma and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder among Black Women: Does Racial Discrimination Matter? Mekawi Y, Carter S, Brown B, Martinez de Andino A, Fani N, Michopoulos V, Powers A. J Trauma Dissociation. 2021 Jan 18:1-16. doi: 10.1080/15299732.2020.1869098

Moral Injury as a Mediator of the Associations Between Sexual Harassment and Mental Health Symptoms and Substance Use Among Women Veterans. Hamrick HC, Ehlke SJ, Davies RL, Higgins JM, Naylor J, Kelley ML. J Interpers Violence. 2021 Jan 12:886260520985485. doi: 10.1177/0886260520985485

The intersection of interpersonal violence and housing instability: Perspectives from women veterans. Yu B, Montgomery AE, True G, Cusack M, Sorrentino A, Chhabra M, Dichter ME. Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2020;90(1):63-69. doi: 10.1037/ort0000379

A Multisite Quality Improvement Initiative to Enhance the Adoption of Screening Practices for Intimate Partner Violence Into Routine Primary Care for Women Veterans. Portnoy GA, Iverson KM, Haskell SG, Czarnogorski M, Gerber MR. Public Health Rep. 2020 Nov 18:33354920966022. doi: 10.1177/0033354920966022

Gender differences in the development of suicidal behavior among United States military veterans: A national qualitative study. Denneson LM, Tompkins KJ, McDonald KL, Hoffmire CA, Britton PC, Carlson KF, Smolenski DJ, Dobscha SK. Soc Sci Med. 2020 Sep;260:113178. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2020.113178.

Emotion Dysregulation Predicts Dropout from Prolonged Exposure Treatment among Female Veterans with Military Sexual Trauma-Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Gilmore AK, Lopez C, Muzzy W, Brown WJ, Grubaugh A, Oesterle DW, Acierno R. Womens Health Issues. 2020 Aug 23:S1049-3867(20)30069-4. doi: 10.1016/j.whi.2020.07.004.

Suicidal ideation, suicide attempt, and non-suicidal self-injury among female veterans: Prevalence, timing, and onset. Monteith LL, Holliday R, Miller C, Schneider AL, Hoffmire CA, Bahraini NH, Forster JE. J Affect Disord. 2020 Aug 1;273:350-357. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2020.04.017.

Intimate Partner Violence Among Female OEF/OIF/OND Veterans Who Were Evaluated for Traumatic Brain Injury in the Veterans Health Administration: A Preliminary Investigation. Iverson KM, Sayer NA, Meterko M, Stolzmann K, Suri P, Gormley K, Nealon Seibert M, Yan K, Pogoda TK. J Interpers Violence. 2020 Jul;35(13-14):2422-2445. doi: 10.1177/0886260517702491. Epub 2017 Apr 18.J Interpers Violence. 2020. PMID: 29294714

Examining the Association between Trauma Exposure and Work-Related Outcomes in Women Veterans. Sienkiewicz ME, et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020. PMID: 32630579

Prevalence and Patterns of Symptoms Among Female Veterans of the 1991 Gulf War Era: 25 Years Later. Sullivan K, Krengel M, Heboyan V, Schildroth S, Wilson CC, Iobst S, Klimas N, Coughlin SS. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2020 Jun;29(6):819-826. doi: 10.1089/jwh.2019.7705

The Roles of Alcohol Use Severity and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms as Risk Factors for Women's Intimate Partner Violence Experiences. Mahoney CT, Iverson KM. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2020 Jun;29(6):827-836. doi: 10.1089/jwh.2019.7944

Trying Times and Trying Out Solutions: Intimate Partner Violence Screening and Support for Women Veterans During COVID-19. Rossi FS, Shankar M, Buckholdt K, Bailey Y, Israni ST, Iverson KM. J Gen Intern Med. 2020 Jun 30:1-4. doi: 10.1007/s11606-020-05990-0.

Lifetime History of Sexual Assault and Emergency Department Service Use among Women Veterans. Vander Weg MW, Sadler AG, Abrams TE, Richardson K, Torner JC, Syrop CH, Mengeling MA. Womens Health Issues. 2020 Jun 19:S1049-3867(20)30043-8. doi: 10.1016/j.whi.2020.05.003.

Middle-aged Women's Experiences of Intimate Partner Violence Screening and Disclosure: "It's a private matter. It's an embarrassing situation". Dichter ME, Makaroun L, Tuepker A, True G, Montgomery AE, Iverson K. J Gen Intern Med. 2020 Jun 8. doi: 10.1007/s11606-020-05947-3. Online ahead of print

Factors Associated with U.S. Military Women Keeping Guns or Weapons Nearby for Personal Security Following Deployment. Sadler AG, Mengeling MA, Cook BL, Torner JC. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2020 May 27. doi: 10.1089/jwh.2019.8029. Online ahead of print.J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2020. PMID: 32460621

Association of Health Conditions and Health Service Utilization With Intimate Partner Violence Identified via Routine Screening Among Middle-Aged and Older Women. Makaroun LK, Brignone E, Rosland AM, Dichter ME. JAMA Netw Open. 2020 Apr 1;3(4):e203138. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.3138

Study finds that women with posttraumatic stress disorder have an increased risk of ovarian cancer. Printz C. Cancer. 2020 Feb 1;126(3):468-469. doi: 10.1002/cncr.32706. No abstract available.

Safer Housing for Homeless Women Veterans. Kim JC, Matto M, Kristen E. J Am Acad Psychiatry Law. 2019 Aug;47(3):299-306. doi: 10.29158/JAAPL.003854-19. Epub 2019 Jun 11. – this might be a duplicate citation

Associations Between Perceived Race-based Discrimination and Contraceptive Use Among Women Veterans in the ECUUN Study. MacDonald S, Hausmann LRM, Sileanu FE, Zhao X, Mor MK, Borrero S. Med Care. 2017 Sep;55 Suppl 9 Suppl 2:S43-S49. doi: 10.1097/MLR.0000000000000746.

Use of Health Services Among Post-9/11 Veterans With Mental Health Conditions Within 90 Days of Separation From the Military. Aronson KR, Perkins DF, Morgan NR, Bleser JA, Vogt D, Copeland LA, Finley EP, Gilman CL. Psychiatr Serv. 2020 May 12:appips201900326. doi: 10.1176/ [Epub ahead of print]

Prevalence and clinical correlates of intimate partner violence (IPV) in women with severe mental illness (SMI). Nair S, A Satyanarayana V, Desai G. Asian J Psychiatr. 2020 Apr 28;52:102131. doi: 10.1016/j.ajp.2020.102131. [Epub ahead of print]

Assessing the Veterans Health Administration's response to intimate partner violence among women: protocol for a randomized hybrid type 2 implementation-effectiveness trial. Iverson KM, Dichter ME, Stolzmann K, Adjognon OL, Lew RA, Bruce LE, Gerber MR, Portnoy GA, Miller CJ. Implement Sci. 2020 May 7;15(1):29. doi: 10.1186/s13012-020-0969-0

Women Veterans' Perspectives on How to Make Veterans Affairs Healthcare Settings More Welcoming to Women. Moreau JL, Dyer KE, Hamilton AB, Golden RE, Combs AS, Carney DV, Frayne SM, Yano EM, Klap R; VA Women's Health Practice-Based Research Network. Womens Health Issues. 2020 Apr 24. pii: S1049-3867(20)30022-0. doi: 10.1016/j.whi.2020.03.004. [Epub ahead of print]

Association of Health Conditions and Health Service Utilization With Intimate Partner Violence Identified via Routine Screening Among Middle-Aged and Older Women. Makaroun LK, Brignone E, Rosland AM, Dichter ME. JAMA Netw Open. 2020 Apr 1;3(4):e203138. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.3138.

Gender differences in outcomes following specialized intensive PTSD treatment in the Veterans Health Administration. Stefanovics EA, Rosenheck RA. Psychol Trauma. 2020 Mar;12(3):272-280. doi: 10.1037/tra0000495. Epub 2019 Jul 8.

Gender Differences in Outcomes after Traumatic Brain Injury among Service Members and Veterans. Cogan AM, McCaughey VK, Scholten J. PM R. 2020 Mar;12(3):301-314. doi: 10.1002/pmrj.12237. Epub 2019 Sep 30. Review.

Suicidal ideation, behavior, and mortality in male and female US veterans with severe mental illness. Aslan M, Radhakrishnan K, Rajeevan N, Sueiro M, Goulet JL, Li Y, Depp C, Concato J, Harvey PD. J Affect Disord. 2020 Feb 7;267:144-152. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2020.02.022. [Epub ahead of print]

The Effects of Co-Occurring Interpersonal Trauma and Gender on Opioid Use and Misuse. Williams JR, Girdler S, Williams W, Cromeens MG. J Interpers Violence. 2020 Feb 13:886260519900309. doi: 10.1177/0886260519900309. [Epub ahead of print]

Impact of Wartime Stress Exposures and Mental Health on Later-Life Functioning and Disability in Vietnam-Era Women Veterans: Findings From the Health of Vietnam-Era Women's Study. Smith BN, Spiro A, Frayne SM, Kimerling R, Cypel Y, Reinhard MJ, Kilbourne AM, Magruder KM. Psychosom Med. 2020 Feb/Mar;82(2):147-157. doi: 10.1097/PSY.0000000000000762.

Comparing the effectiveness of VA residential PTSD treatment for veterans who do and do not report a history of MST: A national investigation. Holliday R, Smith NB, Holder N, Gross GM, Monteith LL, Maguen S, Hoff RA, Harpaz-Rotem I. J Psychiatr Res. 2020 Mar;122:42-47. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2019.12.012. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Experiences of Perceived Gender-based Discrimination Among Women Veterans: Data From the ECUUN Study. MacDonald S, Judge-Golden C, Borrero S, Zhao X, Mor MK, Hausmann LRM. Med Care. 2020 Jan 29. doi: 10.1097/MLR.0000000000001304. [Epub ahead of print]

Understanding the Needs of Female Veterans. Ritchie CREC.J Am Acad Psychiatry Law. 2019 Aug;47(3):307-309. doi: 10.29158/JAAPL.003869-19. Epub 2019 Aug 8.

Safer Housing for Homeless Women Veterans. Kim JC, Matto M, Kristen E. J Am Acad Psychiatry Law. 2019 Aug;47(3):299-306. doi: 10.29158/JAAPL.003854-19. Epub 2019 Jun 11

A picture of the older homeless female veteran: A qualitative, case study analysis. Kenny DJ, Yoder LH.Arch Psychiatr Nurs. 2019 Aug;33(4):400-406. doi: 10.1016/j.apnu.2019.05.005. Epub 2019 May 22.

Associations between disordered eating and intimate partner violence mediated by depression and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in a female veteran sample.
Huston JC, Grillo AR, Iverson KM, Mitchell KS; VA Boston Healthcare System. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2019 May - Jun;58:77-82. doi: 10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2019.03.007. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

The Effect of Intimate Partner Violence and Probable Traumatic Brain Injury on Mental Health Outcomes for Black Women. Cimino AN, Yi G, Patch M, Alter Y, Campbell JC, Gundersen KK, Tang JT, Tsuyuki K, Stockman JK. J Aggress Maltreat Trauma. 2019;28(6):714-731. doi: 10.1080/10926771.2019.1587657. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

The intersection of interpersonal violence and housing instability: Perspectives from women veterans. Yu B, Montgomery AE, True G, Cusack M, Sorrentino A, Chhabra M, Dichter ME.Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2018 Dec 31. doi: 10.1037/ort0000379. [Epub ahead of print]

Quantifying Sexual Orientation Among Homeless and Unstably Housed Women in a Longitudinal Study: Identity, Behavior, and Fluctuations Over a Three-Year Period. Flentje A, Brennan J, Satyanarayana S, Shumway M, Riley E. J Homosex. 2020;67(2):244-264. doi: 10.1080/00918369.2018.1536417. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Emerging Populations: Female, OEF/OIF/OND, and Older Veterans April 2018

Victimization and posttraumatic stress disorder in homeless women with mental illness are associated with depression, suicide, and quality of life. Tinland A, Boyer L, Loubière S, Greacen T, Girard V, Boucekine M, Fond G, Auquier P. Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat. 2018 Sep 4;14:2269-2279. doi: 10.2147/NDT.S161377. eCollection 2018.

Concerning Trends in Suicide Among Women Veterans Point to Need for More Research on Tailored Interventions (Spring 2018)

Recent Intimate Partner Violence and Housing Instability Among Women Veterans.
Montgomery AE, Sorrentino AE, Cusack MC, Bellamy SL, Medvedeva E, Roberts CB, Dichter ME.Am J Prev Med. 2018 Apr;54(4):584-590. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2018.01.020. Epub 2018 Feb 9.

Housing Instability among Women Veterans Accessing Care through the Veterans Health Administration. Szymkowiak, D. & Montgomery, A.E. (February 2018): Montgomery_Szymkowiak_HousingInstabilityAmongWomenVets_Feb2018 508
The "Safety Net" of Community Care: Leveraging GIS to Identify Geographic Access Barriers to Texas Family Planning Clinics for Homeless Women Veterans. Gawron L, Pettey WBP, Redd A, Suo Y, Turok DK, Gundlapalli AV. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2018 Apr 16;2017:750-759. eCollection 2017.

Distance to Veterans Administration Medical Centers as a Barrier to Specialty Care for Homeless Women Veterans. Gawron LM, Pettey WBP, Redd AM, Suo Y, Gundlapalli AV. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2017;238:112-115.

An Evidence Map of the Women Veterans' Health Research Literature (2008-2015).
Danan ER, Krebs EE, Ensrud K, Koeller E, MacDonald R, Velasquez T, Greer N, Wilt TJ. J Gen Intern Med. 2017 Dec;32(12):1359-1376. doi: 10.1007/s11606-017-4152-5. Epub 2017 Sep 14. Review.

Long-acting Reversible Contraception Among Homeless Women Veterans With Chronic Health Conditions: A Retrospective Cohort Study.Gawron LM, Redd A, Suo Y, Pettey W, Turok DK, Gundlapalli AV. Med Care. 2017 Sep;55 Suppl 9 Suppl 2:S111-S120. doi: 10.1097/MLR.0000000000000765.

Gender Differences in Factors Associated with Unsheltered Status and Increased Risk of Premature Mortality among Individuals Experiencing Homelessness. Montgomery AE, Szymkowiak D, Culhane D. Womens Health Issues. 2017 May - Jun;27(3):256-263. doi: 10.1016/j.whi.2017.03.014. Epub 2017 Apr 26.

Intimate partner violence, unhealthy alcohol use, and housing instability among women veterans in the Veterans Health Administration. Dichter ME, Wagner C, Borrero S, Broyles L, Montgomery AE. Psychol Serv. 2017 May;14(2):246-249. doi: 10.1037/ser0000132.

On the Frontlines: Perspectives of Providers Working With Homeless Women. Salem BE, Kwon J, Ames M. West J Nurs Res. 2018 May;40(5):665-687. doi: 10.1177/0193945916689081. Epub 2017 Jan 24.

Differential Risk for Homelessness Among US Male and Female Veterans With a Positive Screen for Military Sexual Trauma. Brignone E, Gundlapalli AV, Blais RK, Carter ME, Suo Y, Samore MH, Kimerling R, Fargo JD. JAMA Psychiatry. 2016 Jun 1;73(6):582-9. doi: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2016.0101.

Characteristics and Use of Services Among Literally Homeless and Unstably Housed U.S. Veterans With Custody of Minor Children. Tsai J, Rosenheck RA, Kasprow WJ, Kane V. Psychiatr Serv. 2015 Oct;66(10):1083-90. doi: 10.1176/ Epub 2015 May 15.

Demographic characteristics associated with homelessness and risk among female and male veterans accessing VHA outpatient care. Montgomery AE, Dichter ME, Thomasson AM, Fu X, Roberts CB. Womens Health Issues. 2015 Jan-Feb;25(1):42-8. doi: 10.1016/j.whi.2014.10.003. Epub 2014 Dec 12.

Services utilization among recently homeless veterans: a gender-based comparison. Montgomery AE, Byrne TH. Mil Med. 2014 Mar;179(3):236-9. doi: 10.7205/MILMED-D-13-00426

Homeless female U.S. veterans in a national supported housing program: comparison of individual characteristics and outcomes with male veterans. Tsai J, Rosenheck RA, Kane V. Psychol Serv. 2014 Aug;11(3):309-16. doi: 10.1037/a0036323. Epub 2014 Apr 14

National comparison of literally homeless male and female VA service users: entry characteristics, clinical needs, and service patterns. Tsai J, Kasprow WJ, Kane V, Rosenheck RA. Womens Health Issues. 2014 Jan-Feb;24(1):e29-35. doi: 10.1016/j.whi.2013.09.007. Epub 2013 Dec 15.

Homelessness among female veterans: a systematic review of the literature. Byrne T, Montgomery AE, Dichter ME. Women Health. 2013;53(6):572-96. doi: 10.1080/03630242.2013.817504. Review.

Military sexual assault and homeless women veterans: clinical correlates and treatment preferences. Decker SE, Rosenheck RA, Tsai J, Hoff R, Harpaz-Rotem I. Womens Health Issues. 2013 Nov-Dec;23(6):e373-80. doi: 10.1016/j.whi.2013.09.002.

Military sexual assault and homeless women veterans: clinical correlates and treatment preferences. Decker SE, Rosenheck RA, Tsai J, Hoff R, Harpaz-Rotem I.Womens Health Issues. 2013 Nov-Dec;23(6):e373-80. doi: 10.1016/j.whi.2013.09.002.

"Homelessness and trauma go hand-in-hand": pathways to homelessness among women veterans.
Hamilton AB, Poza I, Washington DL. Womens Health Issues. 2011 Jul-Aug;21(4 Suppl):S203-9. doi: 10.1016/j.whi.2011.04.005.

Overrepresentation of women veterans among homeless women. Gamache G, Rosenheck R, Tessler R. Am J Public Health. 2003 Jul;93(7):1132-6

No available resources

VA Programs to End Homelessness Among Women Veterans

VA Center for Women Veterans

Feds Hire Vets
Federal employment information for Veterans, transitioning military service members, and their families

Academy Women's eMentor Program  
eMentor is a cutting-edge online mentoring program for military personnel, veterans and military spouses. eMentor connects individuals for dynamic mentoring experiences that powerfully move them forward in their personal and professional lives.

LeanIn Women Veterans 
A networking opportunity women veterans from all branches of the military

Women Veterans Health Care website.


Patria Hayes, MD

External Link Disclaimer: This page contains links that will take you outside of the Department of Veterans Affairs website. VA does not endorse and is not responsible for the content of the linked websites.

*To search the entire site, please use the search bar in the upper right corner of the webpage