VA Homeless Programs
Grant and Per Diem - Low Demand (GPD-LD)
Grant and Per Diem - Low Demand (GPD-LD) Technical Assistance
Intent of the Project and Program Design
GPD-LD housing programs utilize a harm reduction framework to accommodate chronically homeless Veterans who were either unsuccessful in traditional housing programs, or did not participate in them, due to treatment participation and sobriety requirements for admission to and/or continued stay in the programs. Low Demand programs do not require sobriety or compliance with mental health/substance use treatment as a condition of admission or continued stay, and they are characterized by the following: demands are kept to a minimum; environment of care is non-intrusive as possible to foster trust between staff and residents; rules focus on staff and resident safety; and case management, education, and treatment services are offered and highly encouraged, but not a condition of admission or continued stay.
Program Background and Development
In 2015, the GPD program collaborated with the National Center on Homelessness among Veterans (the Center) to develop low demand pilots under the GPD grant authority. Based on the Safe Haven models, initiated at 21 sites through the Health Care for Homeless Veterans (HCHV) Program, this GPD-LD pilot was implemented at 6 sites to determine feasibility and address the needs of those Veterans who were chronically homeless. At the end of FY 2016, it was determined that program sites met fidelity measures. Together, these sites served more than 200 Veterans. Of those Veterans exiting the program, over 60% were characterized as positive (48.9%) or neutral (13.5%) exits. Upon exit, nearly half (49.7%) were characterized as stably housed. Consistent with the intent of a Low Demand model, only 2.1% exited due to alcohol or drug use, and only 1.4% exited due to curfew violations. Fidelity data indicate that the Low Demand model was implemented as intended.
Through collaborative efforts of the GPD program and the Center, and affiliated partners at the University of South Florida, the GPD-LD model was added to the specific program designs under the 2017 GPD Notice of Fund Availability (NOFA).
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
For more information about the program, including training, research, and Technical Assistance materials, please see the Grant and Per Diem (GPD) - Low Demand Model page in the Resource Center.
- GPD National Program Office / GPDgrants@va.gov
- Roger Casey, PhD / Roger.Casey@va.gov
- Scott Young, PhD / SYoung1@usf.edu