HIV/AIDS and homelessness are intricately related. The costs of health care and medications for people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) are often too high for people to keep up with. In addition, PLWHA are in danger of losing their jobs due to discrimination or as a result of frequent health-related absences. As a result, up to 50% of PLWHA in the United States are at risk of becoming homeless (National Alliance to End Homelessness, 2006).
Infectious Disease Screening and Vaccination Fact Sheet for Patients - 2019
infectious diseases, with the key things to know to make an informed decision on getting tested for hepatitis A (HAV), hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), human papillomavirus (HPV), syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia; and vaccinated against HAV, HBV, and HPV. 2019
Center for Disease Control (CDC) HIV and Viral Hepatitis fact sheet - June 2017
HIV/AIDS and Homelessness: National Coalition for the Homeless - 2009
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) in Older Adults
PrEP Factsheet for Patients
PrEP Factsheet for Providers
Acceptability and Preferences for Long-Acting Antiretroviral Formulations among People with HIV Infection. Dandachi D, Dang BN, Lucari B, Swindells S, Giordano TP. AIDS Care. 2021 Jun;33(6):801-809. doi: 10.1080/09540121.2020.1764906
Correlates of personal health record registration and utilization among Veterans with HIV. Avoundjian T, Troszak L, Cave S, Shimada S, McInnes K, Midboe AM. JAMIA Open. 2021 Jun 16;4(2):ooab029. doi: 10.1093/jamiaopen/ooab029
Homelessness, Unstable Housing, and Risk of HIV and Hepatitis C Virus Acquisition among People Who Inject Drugs: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Arum C, et al. Lancet Public Health. 2021 Mar 26:S2468-2667(21)00013-X. doi: 10.1016/S2468-2667(21)00013-X
Use of Pre-exposure Prophylaxis Among People Who Inject Drugs: Exploratory Findings of the Interaction Between Race, Homelessness, and Trust. Zhou X, Altice FL, Chandra D, Didomizio E, Copenhaver MM, Shrestha R. AIDS Behav. 2021 Mar 22. doi: 10.1007/s10461-021-03227-7
Treating Opioid Use Disorder and Related Infectious Diseases in the Criminal Justice System. Winetsky D, Fox A, Nijhawan A, Rich JD. Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2020 Sep;34(3):585-603. doi: 10.1016/j.idc.2020.06.012.
Rates of suicidal ideation among HIV-infected patients in care in the HIV Outpatient Study 2000-2017, USA. Durham MD, Armon C, Mahnken JD, Novak RM, Palella F, Tedaldi E, Buchacz K; HOPS Investigators. Prev Med. 2020 Feb 3:106011. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2020.106011. [Epub ahead of print]
Motivational interviewing with male couples to reduce substance use and HIV risk: Manifestations of partner discord and strategies for facilitating dyadic functioning. Starks TJ, Robles G, Doyle KM, Pawson M, Bertone P, Millar BM, Ingersoll KS. Psychotherapy (Chic). 2020 Jan 30. doi: 10.1037/pst0000278. [Epub ahead of print]
Community Screening, Identification, and Referral to Primary Care, for Hepatitis C, B, and HIV Among Homeless Persons in Los Angeles. Fuster D, Gelberg L. J Community Health. 2019 Dec;44(6):1044-1054. doi: 10.1007/s10900-019-00679-w.
Socioeconomic, Behavioral, and Clinical Characteristics of Persons Living with HIV Who Experience Homelessness in the United States, 2015-2016. Wainwright JJ, Beer L, Tie Y, Fagan JL, Dean HD; Medical Monitoring Project. AIDS Behav. 2019 Oct 18. doi: 10.1007/s10461-019-02704-4. [Epub ahead of print]
Mental health, substance use and HIV risk behaviors among HIV-positive adults who experienced homelessness in the United States - Medical Monitoring Project, 2009-2015. Padilla M, Frazier EL, Carree T, Luke Shouse R, Fagan J. AIDS Care. 2019 Oct 25:1-6. doi: 10.1080/09540121.2019.1683808. [Epub ahead of print]
A Randomized Controlled Trial of a Rapid Re-housing Intervention for Homeless Persons Living with HIV/AIDS: Impact on Housing and HIV Medical Outcomes. Towe VL, Wiewel EW, Zhong Y, Linnemayr S, Johnson R, Rojas J., AIDS Behav. 2019 Sep;23(9):2315-2325. doi: 10.1007/s10461-019-02461-4.
Outbreak of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection Among Heterosexual Persons Who Are Living Homeles From 2017 to mid-November 2018, the number of human immunodeficiency virus diagnoses among Seattle heterosexuals who inject drugs increased 286%.
Incorporation of Social Determinants of Health in the Peer-Reviewed Literature: A Systematic Review of Articles Authored by the National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention. Friedman EE, Dean HD, Duffus WA. Public Health Rep. 2018 Jul/Aug;133(4):392-412. doi: 10.1177/0033354918774788. Epub 2018 Jun 6.
Health Care Use and HIV-Related Behaviors of Black and Latina Transgender Women in 3 US Metropolitan Areas: Results From the Transgender HIV Behavioral Survey. Denson DJ, Padgett PM, Pitts N, Paz-Bailey G, Bingham T, Carlos JA, McCann P, Prachand N, Risser J, Finlayson T. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017 Jul 1;75 Suppl 3:S268-S275. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001402.
Project Engage: Snowball Sampling and Direct Recruitment to Identify and Link Hard-to-Reach HIV-Infected Persons Who Are Out of Care. Wohl AR, Ludwig-Barron N, Dierst-Davies R, Kulkarni S, Bendetson J, Jordan W, Bolan R, Smith T, Cunningham W, Pérez MJ. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017 Jun 1;75(2):190-197. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001312.
Contextual, experiential, and behavioral risk factors associated with HIV status: a descriptive analysis of transgender women residing in Atlanta, Georgia. Salazar LF, Crosby RA, Jones J, Kota K, Hill B, Masyn KE. Int J STD AIDS. 2017 Oct;28(11):1059-1066. doi: 10.1177/0956462416686722. Epub 2017 Jan 12.
Pre-exposure Prophylaxis Use Among Men Who Have Sex with Men Experiencing Partner Violence. Braksmajer A, Walters SM, Crean HF, Stephenson R, McMahon JM. AIDS Behav. 2020 Jan 18. doi: 10.1007/s10461-020-02789-2. [Epub ahead of print]
Telehealth Collaborative Care for Rural Veterans with HIV Infection links VA's specialty infectious disease clinicians with VA Community Based Outpatient Clinics to deliver HIV care to rural Veterans using telehealth technology.
HIV/AIDS Prevention: Resources provided by the Center of Disease Control for those that have been treated or currently have been living with HIV
Sexually Transmitted Diseases: There are dozens of STDs. Some STDs, such as syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia, are spread mainly by sexual contact. Other diseases, including Zika and Ebola, can be spread sexually but are more often spread through ways other than sex.
AIDS info (NIH): Information on HIV and AIDS from the National Institute of Health
Center for Disease Control (CDC): CDC is the nation's health protection agency, working 24/7 to protect America from health and safety threats, both foreign and domestic. CDC increases the health security of our nation.
National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP) | CDC: The National Center's vision is a future free of HIV/AIDS, viral hepatitis, STDs, and TB.
HIV.gov: One-stop access to U.S. Government information on HIV/AIDS.VA's HIV Website: The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) leads the country in HIV screening, testing, treatment, research and prevention. This site provides information both for health care providers and for Veterans and the public.
Treatment Guidelines: Primary Care of Veterans with HIV Manual: Updated in 2019, this manual serves as a point-of-care reference for HIV clinicians providing HIV and primary care to their HIV patients.
Clinicians | HIV | CDC: Resources to promote a comprehensive approach to HIV prevention and treatment, including screening through prevention, treatment, and care.
Guidelines for the prevention and treatment of opportunistic infections in HIV-infected adults and adolescents: recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the National Institutes of Health, and the HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. July 6, 2018.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines 2015: MMWR 2015;64(No.3)
External Link Disclaimer: This page contains links that will take you outside of the Department of Veterans Affairs website. VA does not endorse and is not responsible for the content of the linked websites.*To search the entire VA.gov site, please use the search bar in the upper right corner of the webpage