Evidence-Based Research - Whole Health
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Evidence-Based Research


VA’s Health Services Research & Development (HSR&D) research publication translates research into quality health care for veterans. The HSR&D Winter 2021 issue focuses on Whole Health. 

Access this edition of HSR&D's premier research publication to read more on Whole Health implementation throughout VA's health care system, a study on VA Health Coaches and Peer Specialists, Trauma Senstive Yoga and much more. 

A challenge in complementary and integrative health (CIH) is examining the effectiveness of approaches that have not been tested through formal research. VA researchers are conducting studies to determine which approaches are truly safe and effective. This information can help clinicians and patients make informed decisions about treatment options utilizing CIH and other Whole Health (WH) approaches.

The body of evidence on WH and CIH continues to grow and we have many new tools and reports to help you learn more. Check out the Library of Research Articles on CIH and Chiropractic Care. The library contains citations and abstracts on papers published since 2010 and is organized by type of CIH therapy and type of health outcome studied. We also have a research registry available. The Registry of Current Research on Veterans and CIH and Chiropractic Care is intended to facilitate research collaboration and enable clinicians, researchers and policy makers to be informed of the research being conducted on CIH therapies and chiropractic care among Veterans. It provides information on the Principal Investigator's (PI) name and institution, the study title, and years of funding for studies that were active as of January 1, 2016, and later. Finally, the Compendium on Use of Complementary and Integrative Health Therapies and Chiropractic Care at the VA summarizes Veterans’ use of 9 CIH therapies (acupuncture, battlefield acupuncture, biofeedback, clinical hypnosis, guided imagery, massage therapy, meditation, tai chi, and yoga) plus chiropractic care from fiscal year (FY) 2017 to FY 2019, and the demographic and health characteristics of those Veterans.

Another very important report located below is the Whole Health System of Care Evaluation – A Progress Report on Outcomes of the WHS Pilot at 18 Flagship Sites. This report contains a summary of progress towards implementation of the WH system, utilization of WH services among Veterans, and impact on Veterans and employees after 2 years.

From patient outcomes to system change: Evaluating the impact of VHA's implementation of the Whole Health System of Care

Patient Feedback on the Effectiveness of Auricular Acupuncture on Pain in Routine Clinical Care: The Experience of 11,406 Veterans. Sept 2020.

Provider Perspectives of Battlefield Acupuncture: Advantages, Disadvantages and Its Potential Role in Reducing Opioid Use for Pain. Sept 2020.

Does Offering Battlefield Acupuncture Lead to Subsequent Use of Traditional Acupuncture? Sept 2020.

Participating in Complementary and Integrative Health Approaches Is Associated With Veterans' Patient-reported Outcomes Over Time. Sep 2020.

Addressing Consumer and Patients' Preferences and Needs Whole Health System of Care Improves Health and Well-Being and Reduces Opioid Use for Veterans with Chronic Pain. [Abstract]. Aug 2020.

Development of observational rating scales for evaluating patient-centered communication within a whole health approach to care. Jul 2020.

Transforming the Veterans Affairs to a Whole Health System of Care: Time for Action and Research. Apr 2020.

Biopsychosocial benefits of movement-based complementary and integrative health therapies for patients with chronic conditions. Mar 2020.

Integrating Personalized Care Planning into Primary Care: A Multiple-Case Study of Early Adopting Patient-Centered Medical Homes. Feb 2020.

A scale to measure nurses' and providers' patient centered care in primary care settings. Dec 2019.

Utilization and Perceived Effectiveness of Mindfulness Meditation in Veterans: Results from a National Survey. Sep 2019.

Complementary and Integrated Health Approaches: What Do Veterans Use and Want. July 2019.

Mindfulness meditation for workplace wellness: An evidence map. Jun 2019.

Synthesizing the Strength of the Evidence of Complementary and Integrative Health for Pain. May 2019.

What Should Health Care Systems Consider When Implementing Complementary and Integrative Health: Lessons from Veterans Health Administration. Mar 2019.

Time to Listen More and Talk Less. Jan 2019.

Patient-Centered Care in Primary Care Scale: Pilot Development and Psychometric Assessment. Jan 2019.

Challenges and Strategies for Implementing Battlefield Acupuncture in the VA: A Qualitative Study of Provider Perspectives. Oct 2018.

Battlefield Acupuncture in the Veterans Health Administration: Effectiveness in individual and group settings for pain and pain comorbidities. Oct 2018.

Evaluating broad-scale system change using the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research: challenges and strategies to overcome them. Aug 2018.

How can healthcare organizations implement patient-centered care? Examining a large-scale cultural transformation. Mar 2018.

Patient Centeredness in Electronic Communication: Evaluation of Patient-to-Health Care Team Secure Messaging. Mar 2018.

Patient-centered care is a way of doing things: How healthcare employees conceptualize patient-centered care. Feb 2018.

Do patient perceptions of provider communication relate to experiences of physical pain? Feb 2018.

What Patients and Providers Want to Know About Complementary and Integrative Health Therapies. Jan 2018.

Challenges in Implementing Personalized Care Planning. Nov 2017.

An evidence map of the effect of Tai Chi on health outcomes. Systematic Reviews. Jul 2016.

Provider perspectives on and experiences with engagement of patients and families in implementing patient-centered care. Dec 2015.